Two-phase transport of water in porous medium of proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Hong Sun, Liejin Guo, Hongtan Liu, Guangsheng Zhang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A new two-dimensional, two-phase flow model based on the mixture flow model was developed to investigate the water transport and distribution in the proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. The model couples the flows, species, electrical potential, and current density distributions in the cathode and anode fluid channels, gas diffusers, catalyst layers, and membrane, respectively. The catalyst layers are now included in the respective unified domains for the cathode and anode. Furthermore, the two-phase flow model was also used in the anode side, and the momentum transfer between the liquid and gas phases due to phase change was taken into consideration. The model was used to study water transport and its distribution in the cathode, the anode, and the membrane of PEM fuel cell simulation results show that the increase of humidification temperature and current density, or the decrease of fuel cell temperature makes the increase of water content in membrane, leading to the increase of ionic conductivity and overpotential of concentration difference in cathode attributed to flooding.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1177-1181
    Number of pages5
    JournalHsi-An Chiao Tung Ta Hsueh/Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University
    Volume39
    Issue number11
    StatePublished - Nov 1 2005

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    Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
    Porous materials
    Anodes
    Cathodes
    Water
    Membranes
    Two phase flow
    Current density
    Diffusers (fluid)
    Catalysts
    Momentum transfer
    Ionic conductivity
    Gases
    Water content
    Fuel cells
    Temperature
    Fluids
    Liquids

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Engineering(all)

    Cite this

    Sun, Hong ; Guo, Liejin ; Liu, Hongtan ; Zhang, Guangsheng. / Two-phase transport of water in porous medium of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. In: Hsi-An Chiao Tung Ta Hsueh/Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University. 2005 ; Vol. 39, No. 11. pp. 1177-1181.
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    abstract = "A new two-dimensional, two-phase flow model based on the mixture flow model was developed to investigate the water transport and distribution in the proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. The model couples the flows, species, electrical potential, and current density distributions in the cathode and anode fluid channels, gas diffusers, catalyst layers, and membrane, respectively. The catalyst layers are now included in the respective unified domains for the cathode and anode. Furthermore, the two-phase flow model was also used in the anode side, and the momentum transfer between the liquid and gas phases due to phase change was taken into consideration. The model was used to study water transport and its distribution in the cathode, the anode, and the membrane of PEM fuel cell simulation results show that the increase of humidification temperature and current density, or the decrease of fuel cell temperature makes the increase of water content in membrane, leading to the increase of ionic conductivity and overpotential of concentration difference in cathode attributed to flooding.",
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    Two-phase transport of water in porous medium of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. / Sun, Hong; Guo, Liejin; Liu, Hongtan; Zhang, Guangsheng.

    In: Hsi-An Chiao Tung Ta Hsueh/Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Vol. 39, No. 11, 01.11.2005, p. 1177-1181.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Guo, Liejin

    AU - Liu, Hongtan

    AU - Zhang, Guangsheng

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    AB - A new two-dimensional, two-phase flow model based on the mixture flow model was developed to investigate the water transport and distribution in the proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. The model couples the flows, species, electrical potential, and current density distributions in the cathode and anode fluid channels, gas diffusers, catalyst layers, and membrane, respectively. The catalyst layers are now included in the respective unified domains for the cathode and anode. Furthermore, the two-phase flow model was also used in the anode side, and the momentum transfer between the liquid and gas phases due to phase change was taken into consideration. The model was used to study water transport and its distribution in the cathode, the anode, and the membrane of PEM fuel cell simulation results show that the increase of humidification temperature and current density, or the decrease of fuel cell temperature makes the increase of water content in membrane, leading to the increase of ionic conductivity and overpotential of concentration difference in cathode attributed to flooding.

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