Two-phase type-curve analysis of flowback data from hydraulically fractured hydrocarbon reservoirs

Fengyuan Zhang, Hamid Emami-Meybodi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


This study presents a new type-curve method to characterize hydraulic fracture (HF) attributes and dynamics by analyzing two-phase flowback data from multi-fractured horizontal wells (MFHWs) in hydrocarbon reservoirs.The proposed method includes a semianalytical model, as well as a workflow to estimate HF properties (i.e., initial fracture pore-volume and fracture permeability) and HF closure dynamics (through iterating fracture compressibility and permeability modulus).The semianalytical model considers the coupled two-phase flow in the fracture and matrix system, the variable production rate at the well, as well as the pressure-dependent reservoir and fluid properties. By incorporating the contribution of fluid influx from matrix into the fracture effective compressibility, a new set of dimensionless groups is defined to obtain a dimensionless solution for type-curve analysis. The accuracy of the proposed method is tested using the synthetic data generated from six numerical simulation cases for shale gas and oil reservoirs. The numerical validation confirms the unique behavior of type curves during fracture boundary dominated flow and verifies the accuracy of the type-curve analysis in the characterization of fracture properties. For field application, the proposed method is applied to two MFHWs in Marcellus shale gas and Eagle Ford shale oil.The agreement of interpreted results between the proposed method and straight-line analysis not only demonstrates the practicality in field application but also illustrates the superiority of the type-curve method as an easy-to-use technique to analyze two-phase flowback data. The analysis results from both of the field examples reveal the consistency in the estimated fracture properties between the proposed method and long-term history matching.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2021, ATCE 2021
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)
ISBN (Electronic)9781613997864
StatePublished - 2021
EventSPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2021, ATCE 2021 - Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Duration: Sep 21 2021Sep 23 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition
ISSN (Electronic)2638-6712


ConferenceSPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2021, ATCE 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited Arab Emirates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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