Two progesterone receptors in the oviduct of the freshwater turtle Chrysemys picta: possible homology to mammalian and avian receptor systems. Here we report the characterization of two specific progesterone receptors in nuclear extracts of the turtle oviduct. The receptors differ in dissociation constants (2.8 nM vs 27 nM) which can be separated on DEAE-Sepharose, the former eluting at 0.08 M KCl and the latter at 0.20 M KCl. [3H]R5020 photoaffinity labeling SDS-PAGE revealed that the 2.8 nM moiety migrates with an apparent molecular weight of 80 ± 5 kDa and the 27 nM moiety migrates with an apparent molecular weight of 120 ± 5 kDa. These receptors are termed PR-A and PR-B due to their molecular mass and elution profiles. DNA-cellulose Chromatographic studies show that both bind DNA-cellulose with the PR-A eluting at 0.09 M NaCl and PR-B eluting between 0.20-0.21 M NaCl. In reproductively inactive turtles (from the months of January and February) estradiol is undetectable, and PR-B is absent as determined by Scatchard analysis, [3H]R5020 photoaffinity labeling electrophoretic studies and DEAE-Sepharose and DNA-cellulose chromatography. In these animals PR-B can be replenished by estrogen treatment, suggesting a physiological role for both PR-A and PR-B and dependence of PR-B on estradiol.
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