Two stage design of compliant mechanisms with superelastic compliant joints

Jovana Jovanova, Mary Frecker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The design of compliant mechanisms made of Nickel Titanium (NiTi) Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) is considered to exploit the superelastic behavior of the material to achieve tailored high flexibility on demand. This paper focuses on twostage design optimization of compliant mechanisms, as a systematic method for design of the composition of the functionally graded NiTi material within the compliant mechanism devices. The location, as well as geometric and mechanical properties, of zones of high and low flexibility will be selected to maximize mechanical performance. The proposed two-stage optimization procedure combines the optimization of an analytical model of a single-piece functionally graded unit, with a detailed FEA of a continuous compliant mechanism. In the first stage, a rigid-link model is developed to initially approximate the behavior of the compliant mechanism. In the second stage the solution of the rigid-link problem serves as the starting point for a continuous analytical model where the mechanism consists of zones with different material properties and geometry, followed by a detailed FEA of a compliant mechanism with integrated zones of superelasticity. The two-stage optimization is a systematic approach for compliant mechanism design with functional grading of the material to exploit superelastic response in controlled manner. Direct energy deposition, as an additive manufacturing technology, is foreseen to fabricate assemblies with multiple single piece functional graded components. This method could be applied to bio-inspired structures, flapping wings, flexible adaptive structures and origami inspired compliant mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationModeling, Simulation and Control of Adaptive Systems; Integrated System Design and Implementation; Structural Health Monitoring
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9780791858264
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
EventASME 2017 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2017 - Snowbird, United States
Duration: Sep 18 2017Sep 20 2017

Publication series

NameASME 2017 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2017
Volume2

Other

OtherASME 2017 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2017
CountryUnited States
CitySnowbird
Period9/18/179/20/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials

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