Mixture discriminant analysis (MDA) has gained applications in a wide range of engineering and scientific fields. In this article, under the paradigm of MDA, we propose a two-way Gaussian mixture model for classifying high dimensional data. This model regularizes the mixture component means by dividing variables into groups and then constraining the parameters for the variables in the same group to be identical. The grouping of the variables is not pre-determined, but optimized as part of model estimation. A dimension reduction property for a two-way mixture of distributions from a general exponential family is proved. Estimation methods for the two-way Gaussian mixture with or without missing data are derived. Experiments on several real data sets show that the parsimonious two-way mixture often outperforms a mixture model without variable grouping; and as a byproduct, significant dimension reduction is achieved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Information Systems
- Computer Science Applications