Being the largest the Ca2+ store in mammalian cells, endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mediated Ca2+ signalling often involves both Ca2+ release via inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3R) and store operated Ca2+ entries (SOCE) through Ca2+ release activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channels on plasma membrane (PM). IP3Rs are functionally coupled with CRAC channels and other Ca2+ handling proteins. However, it still remains less well defined as to whether IP3Rs could regulate ER-mediated Ca2+ signals independent of their Ca2+ releasing ability. To address this, we generated IP3Rs triple and double knockout human embryonic kidney (HEK) cell lines (IP3Rs-TKO, IP3Rs-DKO), and systemically examined ER Ca2+ dynamics and CRAC channel activity in these cells. The results showed that the rate of ER Ca2+ leakage and refilling, as well as SOCE were all significantly reduced in IP3Rs-TKO cells. And these TKO effects could be rescued by over-expression of IP3R3. Further, results showed that the diminished SOCE was caused by NEDD4L-mediated ubiquitination of Orai1 protein. Together, our findings indicate that IP3R3 is one crucial player in coordinating ER-mediated Ca2+ signalling.
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