Ubiquitous magneto-mechano-electric generator

Jungho Ryu, Ju Eun Kang, Yuan Zhou, Si Young Choi, Woon Ha Yoon, Dong Soo Park, Jong Jin Choi, Byung Dong Hahn, Cheol Woo Ahn, Jong Woo Kim, Yang Do Kim, Shashank Priya, Seung Yong Lee, Seongsu Jeong, Dae Yong Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stray magnetic field considered as harmful noise for the human body can be a ubiquitous energy source. We are surrounded with 50/60 Hz parasitic magnetic noise arising from power delivery infrastructure, but it cannot be readily utilized by traditional electromagnetic harvesters. Here, we introduce a novel magneto-mechano-electric (MME) generator with a colossal power density that can turn on 35 LEDs and drive a wireless sensor network under a weak magnetic field of 5-7 × 10-4 T at a low frequency of 60 Hz. The MME generator is a cantilever structured magnetoelectric (ME) laminate composite in which the 〈011〉 oriented anisotropic single crystal fiber composite (SFC) is bonded to Ni plate and Nd permanent magnet proof mass. The ME laminate composite has a strong ME coupling (αME ∼ 160 V cm-1 Oe-1) even without magnetic bias due to the intrinsic property of Ni. The MME generator is also found to exhibit a colossal output power density of 46 mW cm-3 Oe-2 under a weak magnetic field of 1.6 × 10-4 T at 60 Hz. This MME generator can be a ubiquitous power source for wireless sensor networks, low power electric devices, and wireless charging systems by harvesting tiny amounts of parasitic magnetic energy from our living environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2402-2408
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Pollution

Cite this

Ryu, J., Kang, J. E., Zhou, Y., Choi, S. Y., Yoon, W. H., Park, D. S., Choi, J. J., Hahn, B. D., Ahn, C. W., Kim, J. W., Kim, Y. D., Priya, S., Lee, S. Y., Jeong, S., & Jeong, D. Y. (2015). Ubiquitous magneto-mechano-electric generator. Energy and Environmental Science, 8(8), 2402-2408. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5ee00414d