Ultrafast Triplet Pair Separation and Triplet Trapping following Singlet Fission in Amorphous Pentacene Films

Kyle T. Munson, Jianing Gan, Christopher Grieco, Grayson S. Doucette, John E. Anthony, John B. Asbury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ultrafast infrared and electronic spectroscopy are used to examine the dynamics of triplet pair separation following singlet fission in amorphous and crystalline films of the model singlet fission chromophore, 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)pentacene (TIPS-Pn). Probing of correlated triplet pair intermediates directly through their unique vibrational frequencies and infrared electronic transitions and indirectly through their visible triplet absorptions reveals that triplet pair separation occurs on similar picosecond time scales in both amorphous and crystalline films despite their markedly different average intermolecular coupling strengths. Although triplet pair separation occurs on similar time scales in both environments, measurements of diffusion-controlled triplet-triplet annihilation reveal that the diffusivity of triplet excited states is an order of magnitude lower in amorphous films. The data reveal the presence of sparse triplet traps in the amorphous environment that inhibit the transport of triplet excitons in comparison to crystalline films. These observations inform recent efforts to develop disordered and polymeric singlet fission sensitizers that contain amorphous regions. In particular, the data suggest that it may be possible to nanostructure amorphous or polymeric singlet fission sensitizers to allow ultrafast triplet pair separation and harvesting in photovoltaic and light-emitting applications despite their low triplet exciton diffusivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23567-23578
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume124
Issue number43
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 29 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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