Ultrasonic harmonic generation from materials with up to cubic nonlinearity

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Abstract

This letter considers the combined effects of quadratic and cubic nonlinearity on plane wave propagation in generally anisotropic elastic solids. Displacement solutions are derived that represent the fundamental, second-, and third-harmonic waves. In arriving at the solutions, the quadratic and cubic nonlinearity parameters for generally anisotropic materials are defined. The effects of quadratic and cubic nonlinearity are shown to influence the amplitude and phase of the fundamental wave. In addition, the phase of the third-harmonic depends on a simple combination of the quadratic and cubic nonlinearity parameters. Nonlinearity parameters are given explicitly for materials having isotropic and cubic symmetry. Lastly, acoustic nonlinearity surfaces are introduced, which illustrate the nonlinearity parameters as a function of various propagation directions in anisotropic materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)EL224-EL230
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume142
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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