Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a life-threatening blood clotting condition that, if undetected, can cause deadly pulmonary embolisms. Critical to its clinical management is the ability to rapidly detect, monitor, and treat thrombosis. However, current diagnostic imaging modalities lack the resolution required to precisely localize vessel occlusions and enable clot monitoring in real time. Here, we rationally design fibrinogen-mimicking fluoropeptide nanoemulsions, or nanopeptisomes (NPeps), that allow contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging of thrombi and synchronous inhibition of clot growth. The theranostic duality of NPeps is imparted via their intrinsic binding to integrins overexpressed on platelets activated during coagulation. The platelet-bound nanoemulsions can be vaporized and oscillate in an applied acoustic field to enable contrast-enhanced Doppler ultrasound detection of thrombi. Concurrently, nanoemulsions bound to platelets competitively inhibit secondary platelet–fibrinogen binding to disrupt further clot growth. Continued development of this synchronous theranostic platform may open new opportunities for image-guided, non-invasive, interventions for DVT and other vascular diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Pharmaceutical Science