Ultrasound-Responsive Nanopeptisomes Enable Synchronous Spatial Imaging and Inhibition of Clot Growth in Deep Vein Thrombosis

Janna N. Sloand, Eric Rokni, Connor T. Watson, Michael A. Miller, Keefe B. Manning, Julianna C. Simon, Scott H. Medina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a life-threatening blood clotting condition that, if undetected, can cause deadly pulmonary embolisms. Critical to its clinical management is the ability to rapidly detect, monitor, and treat thrombosis. However, current diagnostic imaging modalities lack the resolution required to precisely localize vessel occlusions and enable clot monitoring in real time. Here, we rationally design fibrinogen-mimicking fluoropeptide nanoemulsions, or nanopeptisomes (NPeps), that allow contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging of thrombi and synchronous inhibition of clot growth. The theranostic duality of NPeps is imparted via their intrinsic binding to integrins overexpressed on platelets activated during coagulation. The platelet-bound nanoemulsions can be vaporized and oscillate in an applied acoustic field to enable contrast-enhanced Doppler ultrasound detection of thrombi. Concurrently, nanoemulsions bound to platelets competitively inhibit secondary platelet–fibrinogen binding to disrupt further clot growth. Continued development of this synchronous theranostic platform may open new opportunities for image-guided, non-invasive, interventions for DVT and other vascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2100520
JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Volume10
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 18 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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