Underemployment across immigrant generations

Tim Slack, Leif Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The employment circumstances of immigrants and their children constitute a key dimension along which immigrant adaptation to the U.S. can be evaluated. We describe and analyze employment adequacy-defined as underemployment-among first, second and third (or higher) immigrant generations. Analyzing CPS data for the decade spanning 1995-2004, we find support for the notion of successful economic assimilation. The prevalence of underemployment is decidedly higher among the first-generation compared to the second or third, while the latter two groups differ little in this regard. These gross comparisons, however, mask important variation within immigrant generations, including a particular disadvantage among foreign-born non-citizens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1415-1430
Number of pages16
JournalSocial Science Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science


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