Abstract

Although stress is a common experience in everyday life, a clear understanding of how often an individual experiences and reports stress is lacking. Notably, there is little information regarding factors that may influence how frequently stress is reported, including which stress dimension is measured (i.e., stressors—did an event happen, subjective stress—how stressed do you feel, conditional stress—how stressful a stressor was) and the temporal features of that assessment (i.e., time of day, day of study, weekday vs. weekend day). The purpose of the present study was to conduct a coordinated analysis of five independent ecological momentary assessment studies utilizing varied stress reporting dimensions and temporal features. Results indicated that, within days, stress was reported at different frequencies depending on the stress dimension. Stressors were reported on 15–32% of momentary reports made within a day; across days, the frequency ranged from 42 to 76% of days. Depending on the cutoff, subjective stress was reported more frequently ranging about 8–56% of all moments within days, and 40–90% of days. Likewise, conditional stress ranged from just 3% of moments to 22%, and 11–69% of days. For the temporal features, stress was reported more frequently on weekdays (compared to weekend days) and on days earlier in the study (relative to days later in the study); time of day was inconsistently related to stress reports. In sum, stress report frequency depends in part on how stress is assessed. As such, researchers may wish to measure stress in multiple ways and, in the case of subjective and conditional stress with multiple operational definitions, to thoroughly characterize the frequency of stress reporting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-560
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

@article{7889abde7a47446783c98f4183c8ae0e,
title = "Understanding stress reports in daily life: a coordinated analysis of factors associated with the frequency of reporting stress",
abstract = "Although stress is a common experience in everyday life, a clear understanding of how often an individual experiences and reports stress is lacking. Notably, there is little information regarding factors that may influence how frequently stress is reported, including which stress dimension is measured (i.e., stressors—did an event happen, subjective stress—how stressed do you feel, conditional stress—how stressful a stressor was) and the temporal features of that assessment (i.e., time of day, day of study, weekday vs. weekend day). The purpose of the present study was to conduct a coordinated analysis of five independent ecological momentary assessment studies utilizing varied stress reporting dimensions and temporal features. Results indicated that, within days, stress was reported at different frequencies depending on the stress dimension. Stressors were reported on 15–32{\%} of momentary reports made within a day; across days, the frequency ranged from 42 to 76{\%} of days. Depending on the cutoff, subjective stress was reported more frequently ranging about 8–56{\%} of all moments within days, and 40–90{\%} of days. Likewise, conditional stress ranged from just 3{\%} of moments to 22{\%}, and 11–69{\%} of days. For the temporal features, stress was reported more frequently on weekdays (compared to weekend days) and on days earlier in the study (relative to days later in the study); time of day was inconsistently related to stress reports. In sum, stress report frequency depends in part on how stress is assessed. As such, researchers may wish to measure stress in multiple ways and, in the case of subjective and conditional stress with multiple operational definitions, to thoroughly characterize the frequency of stress reporting.",
author = "Zawadzki, {Matthew J.} and Scott, {Stacey B.} and David Almeida and Lanza, {Stephanie Trea} and Conroy, {David E.} and Sliwinski, {Martin John} and Jinhyuk Kim and David Marcusson-Clavertz and Stawski, {Robert S.} and Green, {Paige M.} and Christopher Sciamanna and Jillian Johnson and Smyth, {Joshua Morrison}",
year = "2019",
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language = "English (US)",
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Understanding stress reports in daily life : a coordinated analysis of factors associated with the frequency of reporting stress. / Zawadzki, Matthew J.; Scott, Stacey B.; Almeida, David; Lanza, Stephanie Trea; Conroy, David E.; Sliwinski, Martin John; Kim, Jinhyuk; Marcusson-Clavertz, David; Stawski, Robert S.; Green, Paige M.; Sciamanna, Christopher; Johnson, Jillian; Smyth, Joshua Morrison.

In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 42, No. 3, 15.06.2019, p. 545-560.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding stress reports in daily life

T2 - a coordinated analysis of factors associated with the frequency of reporting stress

AU - Zawadzki, Matthew J.

AU - Scott, Stacey B.

AU - Almeida, David

AU - Lanza, Stephanie Trea

AU - Conroy, David E.

AU - Sliwinski, Martin John

AU - Kim, Jinhyuk

AU - Marcusson-Clavertz, David

AU - Stawski, Robert S.

AU - Green, Paige M.

AU - Sciamanna, Christopher

AU - Johnson, Jillian

AU - Smyth, Joshua Morrison

PY - 2019/6/15

Y1 - 2019/6/15

N2 - Although stress is a common experience in everyday life, a clear understanding of how often an individual experiences and reports stress is lacking. Notably, there is little information regarding factors that may influence how frequently stress is reported, including which stress dimension is measured (i.e., stressors—did an event happen, subjective stress—how stressed do you feel, conditional stress—how stressful a stressor was) and the temporal features of that assessment (i.e., time of day, day of study, weekday vs. weekend day). The purpose of the present study was to conduct a coordinated analysis of five independent ecological momentary assessment studies utilizing varied stress reporting dimensions and temporal features. Results indicated that, within days, stress was reported at different frequencies depending on the stress dimension. Stressors were reported on 15–32% of momentary reports made within a day; across days, the frequency ranged from 42 to 76% of days. Depending on the cutoff, subjective stress was reported more frequently ranging about 8–56% of all moments within days, and 40–90% of days. Likewise, conditional stress ranged from just 3% of moments to 22%, and 11–69% of days. For the temporal features, stress was reported more frequently on weekdays (compared to weekend days) and on days earlier in the study (relative to days later in the study); time of day was inconsistently related to stress reports. In sum, stress report frequency depends in part on how stress is assessed. As such, researchers may wish to measure stress in multiple ways and, in the case of subjective and conditional stress with multiple operational definitions, to thoroughly characterize the frequency of stress reporting.

AB - Although stress is a common experience in everyday life, a clear understanding of how often an individual experiences and reports stress is lacking. Notably, there is little information regarding factors that may influence how frequently stress is reported, including which stress dimension is measured (i.e., stressors—did an event happen, subjective stress—how stressed do you feel, conditional stress—how stressful a stressor was) and the temporal features of that assessment (i.e., time of day, day of study, weekday vs. weekend day). The purpose of the present study was to conduct a coordinated analysis of five independent ecological momentary assessment studies utilizing varied stress reporting dimensions and temporal features. Results indicated that, within days, stress was reported at different frequencies depending on the stress dimension. Stressors were reported on 15–32% of momentary reports made within a day; across days, the frequency ranged from 42 to 76% of days. Depending on the cutoff, subjective stress was reported more frequently ranging about 8–56% of all moments within days, and 40–90% of days. Likewise, conditional stress ranged from just 3% of moments to 22%, and 11–69% of days. For the temporal features, stress was reported more frequently on weekdays (compared to weekend days) and on days earlier in the study (relative to days later in the study); time of day was inconsistently related to stress reports. In sum, stress report frequency depends in part on how stress is assessed. As such, researchers may wish to measure stress in multiple ways and, in the case of subjective and conditional stress with multiple operational definitions, to thoroughly characterize the frequency of stress reporting.

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