Understanding the Patterns of Health Information Dissemination on Social Media during the Zika Outbreak

Xinning Gui, Yue Wang, Yubo Kou, Tera Leigh Reynolds, Yunan Chen, Qiaozhu Mei, Kai Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Social media are important platforms for risk communication during public health crises. Effective dissemination of accurate, relevant, and up-to-date health information is important for the public to raise awareness and develop risk management strategies. This study investigates Zika virus-related information circulated on Twitter, identifying the patterns of dissemination of popular tweets and tweets from public health authorities such as the CDC. We leveraged a large corpus of Twitter data covering the entire year of 2016. We analyzed the data using quantitative and qualitative content analyses, followed by machine learning to scale the manual content analyses to the corpus. The results revealed possible discrepancies between what the general public was most interested in, or concerned about, and what public health authorities provided during the Zika outbreak. We provide implications for public health authorities to improve risk communication through better alignment with the general public's information needs during public health crises.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)820-829
Number of pages10
JournalAMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium
Volume2017
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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Social Media
Information Dissemination
Disease Outbreaks
Public Health
Health
Risk Management
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Understanding the Patterns of Health Information Dissemination on Social Media during the Zika Outbreak",
abstract = "Social media are important platforms for risk communication during public health crises. Effective dissemination of accurate, relevant, and up-to-date health information is important for the public to raise awareness and develop risk management strategies. This study investigates Zika virus-related information circulated on Twitter, identifying the patterns of dissemination of popular tweets and tweets from public health authorities such as the CDC. We leveraged a large corpus of Twitter data covering the entire year of 2016. We analyzed the data using quantitative and qualitative content analyses, followed by machine learning to scale the manual content analyses to the corpus. The results revealed possible discrepancies between what the general public was most interested in, or concerned about, and what public health authorities provided during the Zika outbreak. We provide implications for public health authorities to improve risk communication through better alignment with the general public's information needs during public health crises.",
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Understanding the Patterns of Health Information Dissemination on Social Media during the Zika Outbreak. / Gui, Xinning; Wang, Yue; Kou, Yubo; Reynolds, Tera Leigh; Chen, Yunan; Mei, Qiaozhu; Zheng, Kai.

In: AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings. AMIA Symposium, Vol. 2017, 01.01.2017, p. 820-829.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Mei, Qiaozhu

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AB - Social media are important platforms for risk communication during public health crises. Effective dissemination of accurate, relevant, and up-to-date health information is important for the public to raise awareness and develop risk management strategies. This study investigates Zika virus-related information circulated on Twitter, identifying the patterns of dissemination of popular tweets and tweets from public health authorities such as the CDC. We leveraged a large corpus of Twitter data covering the entire year of 2016. We analyzed the data using quantitative and qualitative content analyses, followed by machine learning to scale the manual content analyses to the corpus. The results revealed possible discrepancies between what the general public was most interested in, or concerned about, and what public health authorities provided during the Zika outbreak. We provide implications for public health authorities to improve risk communication through better alignment with the general public's information needs during public health crises.

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