The optical properties involving charge-transfer states of the donor-acceptor electron-transfer complexes carbazole/tetracyanoethylene (carbazole/TCNE) and hexamethylbenzene/tetracyanoethylene (HMB/TCNE) were investigated by utilizing the time-dependent theory of Heller to simulate absorbance and resonance Raman spectra. Excited-state properties were obtained using time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) using the global hybrid B3LYP and the long-range corrected LC- ΩPBE functionals and compared with experimental results. It is shown that, while reasonable simulations of the absorbance spectra can be made using B3LYP, the resonance Raman spectra for both complexes are poorly described. The LC-ΩPBE functional gives a more accurate representation of the excited-state potential energy surfaces in the Franck-Condon region for charge-transfer states, as indicated by the good agreement with the experimental resonance Raman spectrum. For the carbazole/TCNE complex, which includes contributions from two overlapping excited states on its absorbance spectrum, interference effects are discussed, and it is found that detuning from resonance with an excited state results in interference along with other factors. Total vibrational reorganization energy for both complexes is discussed, and it is found that both B3LYP and LC-ΩPBE yield reasonable estimates of this quantity compared with experiment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry