In a recent article in this journal, Appleton and Baker tried to account for the variability in mine injury rates by using several variables, one of which we claim to be an inadequate measure of the climate for safety brought about by unionization. In this paper, we criticize their empirical work for lack of documentation, misinterpretation of analyses, and poor model specification; and their generalizations to global union effects and to specific union practices. We also offer several suggestions that could improve the applicability of future research to decisions about whether coal miners' unions beneficially influence their members' safety.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Strategy and Management
- Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
- Management of Technology and Innovation