University hospital-based prenatal care decreases the rate of preterm delivery and costs, when compared to managed care

J. L. Bienstock, Serdar Ural, K. Blakemore, E. K. Pressman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Our purpose was to compare the rate of recurrent preterm delivery and the combined costs of mother/infant care for patients with a history of preterm delivery cared for in an inner city hospital house staff (HS) clinic versus an inner city managed care organization (MCO). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The groups consisted of 96 patients with a history of preterm delivery who were cared for by the HS clinic and 164 patients cared for in a neighborhood MCO. All patients with a history of previous preterm delivery who delivered at the Johns Hopkins Hospital between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1996 were included in the study. The groups were examined regarding source of prenatal care for the subsequent pregnancy (HS vs. MCO), baseline demographics, intensity of prenatal care, maternal and neonatal outcomes and total cost of the provision of care. Results: There were no differences in baseline demographics between the groups. There was a higher rate of recurrent prematurity for patients cared for by the MCO (HS, 24% vs. MCO, 36%, p = 0.04). Mean total mother/infant costs were also higher in the MCO group ($13 565) when compared to the HS group ($9082), (p = 0.02). Conclusion: While some MCOs may provide cost savings for some low-risk populations, our study demonstrates that this health-care delivery system resulted in greater total expenditures for patients with a history of preterm delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-130
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal Medicine
Volume10
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

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Prenatal Care
Managed Care Programs
Internship and Residency
Organizations
Costs and Cost Analysis
Mothers
Demography
Delivery of Health Care
Infant Care
Cost Savings
Urban Hospitals
Health Expenditures
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Pregnancy
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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title = "University hospital-based prenatal care decreases the rate of preterm delivery and costs, when compared to managed care",
abstract = "Objective: Our purpose was to compare the rate of recurrent preterm delivery and the combined costs of mother/infant care for patients with a history of preterm delivery cared for in an inner city hospital house staff (HS) clinic versus an inner city managed care organization (MCO). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The groups consisted of 96 patients with a history of preterm delivery who were cared for by the HS clinic and 164 patients cared for in a neighborhood MCO. All patients with a history of previous preterm delivery who delivered at the Johns Hopkins Hospital between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1996 were included in the study. The groups were examined regarding source of prenatal care for the subsequent pregnancy (HS vs. MCO), baseline demographics, intensity of prenatal care, maternal and neonatal outcomes and total cost of the provision of care. Results: There were no differences in baseline demographics between the groups. There was a higher rate of recurrent prematurity for patients cared for by the MCO (HS, 24{\%} vs. MCO, 36{\%}, p = 0.04). Mean total mother/infant costs were also higher in the MCO group ($13 565) when compared to the HS group ($9082), (p = 0.02). Conclusion: While some MCOs may provide cost savings for some low-risk populations, our study demonstrates that this health-care delivery system resulted in greater total expenditures for patients with a history of preterm delivery.",
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University hospital-based prenatal care decreases the rate of preterm delivery and costs, when compared to managed care. / Bienstock, J. L.; Ural, Serdar; Blakemore, K.; Pressman, E. K.

In: Journal of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Vol. 10, No. 2, 01.12.2001, p. 127-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Objective: Our purpose was to compare the rate of recurrent preterm delivery and the combined costs of mother/infant care for patients with a history of preterm delivery cared for in an inner city hospital house staff (HS) clinic versus an inner city managed care organization (MCO). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The groups consisted of 96 patients with a history of preterm delivery who were cared for by the HS clinic and 164 patients cared for in a neighborhood MCO. All patients with a history of previous preterm delivery who delivered at the Johns Hopkins Hospital between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1996 were included in the study. The groups were examined regarding source of prenatal care for the subsequent pregnancy (HS vs. MCO), baseline demographics, intensity of prenatal care, maternal and neonatal outcomes and total cost of the provision of care. Results: There were no differences in baseline demographics between the groups. There was a higher rate of recurrent prematurity for patients cared for by the MCO (HS, 24% vs. MCO, 36%, p = 0.04). Mean total mother/infant costs were also higher in the MCO group ($13 565) when compared to the HS group ($9082), (p = 0.02). Conclusion: While some MCOs may provide cost savings for some low-risk populations, our study demonstrates that this health-care delivery system resulted in greater total expenditures for patients with a history of preterm delivery.

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