OBJECTIVE. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction is a common condition, affecting up to 28% of the population. The TMJ can be affected by abnormal dynamics of the disk-condyle complex, degenerative arthritis, inflammatory arthritis, and crystal arthropathy. Less commonly, neoplasms and abnormal morphologic features of the condyle are causes of TMJ symptoms. Cross-sectional imaging is frequently used for diagnosis. CONCLUSION. Knowledge of the normal imaging appearance of the TMJ, its appearance on radiological examination, and interventional techniques are useful for providing a meaningful radiologic contribution. This article will review normal TMJ anatomy; describe the normal ultrasound, CT, and MRI appearances of TMJ; provide imaging examples of abnormal TMJs; and illustrate imaging-guided therapeutic TMJ injection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging