Unmet health care needs. Comparison of rural and urban senior center attendees.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rural-dwelling older adults are in poorer health and have less access to health care resources than urban older adults. However, little is known about specific unmet needs which exist for urban and rural populations. This study compared self-reported health status, use of services, and unmet health care needs of 106 elderly individuals residing in rural and urban settings to determine if these variables differed based on geographic location. Data were gathered on the three dependent measures using the Elderly Health Care Needs Assessment Questionnaire. Findings revealed rural older adults were not in poorer self-reported health (chi 2 = 1.85, p = .60). However, a t test showed rural subjects were significantly poorer in objective health as measured by the number of reported symptoms (t = 224, p = .02). Despite having a greater number of specific health complaints, these rural elderly individuals did not use significantly more services (t = 1.16, p = .24) or report more unmet needs (chi 2 = 3.67, p = .055), thereby reinforcing traditional views of rural older adults being in poorer health but also more self-reliant in matters related to health care. The results of this study provide information which will improve nursing practice in rural and urban settings and provide direction for further research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-33
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of gerontological nursing
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Fingerprint

Senior Centers
Delivery of Health Care
Health
Rural Health
Geographic Locations
Health Services Accessibility
Urban Population
Needs Assessment
Health Resources
Rural Population
Health Status
Nursing
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)
  • Gerontology

Cite this

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abstract = "Rural-dwelling older adults are in poorer health and have less access to health care resources than urban older adults. However, little is known about specific unmet needs which exist for urban and rural populations. This study compared self-reported health status, use of services, and unmet health care needs of 106 elderly individuals residing in rural and urban settings to determine if these variables differed based on geographic location. Data were gathered on the three dependent measures using the Elderly Health Care Needs Assessment Questionnaire. Findings revealed rural older adults were not in poorer self-reported health (chi 2 = 1.85, p = .60). However, a t test showed rural subjects were significantly poorer in objective health as measured by the number of reported symptoms (t = 224, p = .02). Despite having a greater number of specific health complaints, these rural elderly individuals did not use significantly more services (t = 1.16, p = .24) or report more unmet needs (chi 2 = 3.67, p = .055), thereby reinforcing traditional views of rural older adults being in poorer health but also more self-reliant in matters related to health care. The results of this study provide information which will improve nursing practice in rural and urban settings and provide direction for further research.",
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Unmet health care needs. Comparison of rural and urban senior center attendees. / Clark, D.; Dellasega, Cheryl.

In: Journal of gerontological nursing, Vol. 24, No. 12, 01.01.1998, p. 24-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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