Unstructured socializing and rates of delinquency

D. Wayne Osgood, Amy L. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

351 Scopus citations


This article applies an individual-level routine activities perspective to explaining rates of delinquency. The theoretical analysis also links the opportunity processes of that perspective to key themes of social disorganization theory. Multilevel analyses of 4,358 eighth-grade students from thirty-six schools in ten cities support the central hypothesis: Time spent in unstructured socializing with peers has both individual and contextual effects that explain a large share of the variation in rates of delinquency across groups of adolescents who attend different schools. In addition, parental monitoring has a very strong contextual effect on unstructured socializing, which supports the proposed integration of routine activity and social disorganization perspectives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-550
Number of pages32
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Unstructured socializing and rates of delinquency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this