We have fabricated n -layer graphene field effect transistors on epitaxial ferroelectric Pb (Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3 (PZT) thin films. At low gate voltages, PZT behaves as a high- κ dielectric with κ up to 100. An unusual resistance hysteresis occurs in gate sweeps at high voltages, with its direction opposite to that expected from the polarization switching of PZT. The relaxation of the metastable state is thermally activated, with an activation barrier of 50-110 meV and a time constant of 6 h at 300 K. We attribute its origin to the slow dissociation/recombination dynamics of water molecules adsorbed at the graphene-PZT interface. This robust hysteresis can potentially be used to construct graphene-ferroelectric hybrid memory devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)