Up-regulation of transforming growth factor alpha expression by transforming growth factor beta 1, epidermal growth factor, and N,N-dimethylformamide in human colon carcinoma cells.

P. A. Zipfel, B. L. Ziober, S. L. Morris, K. M. Mulder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

This report examines the effects of inhibitors of cell proliferation on transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) expression in low-density cultures of poorly (PD) and well-differentiated (WD) human colon carcinoma cells, continuously maintained in serum-free medium. In contrast to results in certain untransformed cells, growth inhibitors such as transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) and N,N-dimethylformamide up-regulated TGF-alpha mRNA and protein expression in these human colon carcinoma cells. Treatment of low-density WD cells with TGF-beta 1 (10 ng/ml) resulted in a 1.5-fold increase in TGF-alpha mRNA levels within 4 h of treatment. TGF-alpha mRNA levels increased to 2.7-fold above control values by 48 h after TGF-beta 1 addition. Additionally, over a TGF-beta 1 concentration range of 1-30 ng/ml, TGF-alpha protein levels were increased by 2-10-fold, despite the fact that the growth of the WD cells remained inhibited. Although TGF-beta 1 control of TGF-alpha expression was altered in these WD colon carcinoma cells, relative to that in untransformed cells previously examined, the cells retained the ability to up-regulate TGF-alpha expression in an epidermal growth factor-dependent manner. In similarity to the results with TGF-beta 1 in WD colon carcinoma cells, the differentiation agent N,N-dimethylformamide (0.7%) resulted in an increase of TGF-alpha mRNA of approximately 3.8-fold in PD colon carcinoma cells, as well as a 4.4-fold increase in TGF-alpha protein after 4 days of treatment.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-645
Number of pages9
JournalCell growth & differentiation : the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Volume4
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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