Off southwest Japan the seaward limit of coseismic displacement (or updip limit of the seismogenic zone) of the 1946 M W 8.3 thrust earthquake reaches to 4 km depth and ∼ 40 km landward of the trench. This limit coincides with the estimated location of the 150 °C isotherm, and has been linked to changes in physical properties associated with the smectite to illite clay-mineral transition. Here we show that this limit correlates with a suite of diagenetic to low-grade metamorphic processes characterized by (1) declining fluid production and decreasing fluid pressure ratio (λ*) and (2) active clay, carbonate, and zeolite cementation and the transition to pressure solution and quartz cementation. These diagenetic to low-grade metamorphic changes cause the onset of velocity weakening during thrust faulting, an increase in effective stress, and strengthening of the hanging wall, which together combine to produce recordable earthquakes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2001|
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