Upper limits on gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars

B. Abbott, R. Abbott, R. Adhikari, J. Agresti, P. Ajith, B. Allen, R. Amin, S. B. Anderson, W. G. Anderson, M. Arain, M. Araya, H. Armandula, M. Ashley, S. Aston, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, S. Babak, S. Ballmer, H. Bantilan, B. C. BarishC. Barker, D. Barker, B. Barr, P. Barriga, M. A. Barton, K. Bayer, K. Belczynski, J. Betzwieser, P. T. Beyersdorf, B. Bhawal, I. A. Bilenko, G. Billingsley, R. Biswas, E. Black, K. Blackburn, L. Blackburn, D. Blair, B. Bland, J. Bogenstahl, L. Bogue, R. Bork, V. Boschi, S. Bose, P. R. Brady, V. B. Braginsky, J. E. Brau, M. Brinkmann, A. Brooks, D. A. Brown, A. Bullington, A. Bunkowski, A. Buonanno, O. Burmeister, D. Busby, W. E. Butler, R. L. Byer, L. Cadonati, G. Cagnoli, J. B. Camp, J. Cannizzo, K. Cannon, C. A. Cantley, J. Cao, L. Cardenas, K. Carter, M. M. Casey, G. Castaldi, C. Cepeda, E. Chalkey, P. Charlton, S. Chatterji, S. Chelkowski, Y. Chen, F. Chiadini, D. Chin, E. Chin, J. Chow, N. Christensen, J. Clark, P. Cochrane, T. Cokelaer, C. N. Colacino, R. Coldwell, R. Conte, D. Cook, T. Corbitt, D. Coward, D. Coyne, J. D.E. Creighton, T. D. Creighton, R. P. Croce, D. R.M. Crooks, A. M. Cruise, A. Cumming, J. Dalrymple, E. D'Ambrosio, K. Danzmann, G. Davies, D. DeBra, J. Degallaix, M. Degree, T. Demma, V. Dergachev, S. Desai, R. DeSalvo, S. Dhurandhar, M. Díaz, J. Dickson, A. Di Credico, G. Diederichs, A. Dietz, E. E. Doomes, R. W.P. Drever, J. C. Dumas, R. J. Dupuis, J. G. Dwyer, P. Ehrens, E. Espinoza, T. Etzel, M. Evans, T. Evans, S. Fairhurst, Y. Fan, D. Fazi, M. M. Fejer, L. S. Finn, V. Fiumara, N. Fotopoulos, A. Franzen, K. Y. Franzen, A. Freise, R. Frey, T. Fricke, P. Fritschel, V. V. Frolov, M. Fyffe, V. Galdi, K. S. Ganezer, J. Garofoli, I. Gholami, J. A. Giaime, S. Giampanis, K. D. Giardina, K. Goda, E. Goetz, L. Goggin, G. González, S. Gossler, A. Grant, S. Gras, C. Gray, M. Gray, J. Greenhalgh, A. M. Gretarsson, R. Grosso, H. Grote, S. Grunewald, M. Guenther, R. Gustafson, B. Hage, D. Hammer, C. Hanna, J. Hanson, J. Harms, G. Harry, E. Harstad, T. Hayler, J. Heefner, I. S. Heng, A. Heptonstall, M. Heurs, M. Hewitson, S. Hild, E. Hirose, D. Hoak, D. Hosken, J. Hough, E. Howell, D. Hoyland, S. H. Huttner, D. Ingram, E. Innerhofer, M. Ito, Y. Itoh, A. Ivanov, D. Jackrel, B. Johnson, W. W. Johnson, D. I. Jones, G. Jones, R. Jones, L. Ju, P. Kalmus, V. Kalogera, D. Kasprzyk, E. Katsavounidis, K. Kawabe, S. Kawamura, F. Kawazoe, W. Kells, D. G. Keppel, F. Ya Khalili, C. Kim, P. King, J. S. Kissel, S. Klimenko, K. Kokeyama, V. Kondrashov, R. K. Kopparapu, D. Kozak, B. Krishnan, P. Kwee, P. K. Lam, M. Landry, B. Lantz, A. Lazzarini, B. Lee, M. Lei, J. Leiner, V. Leonhardt, I. Leonor, K. Libbrecht, P. Lindquist, N. A. Lockerbie, M. Longo, M. Lormand, M. Lubinski, H. Lück, B. Machenschalk, M. MacInnis, M. Mageswaran, K. Mailand, M. Malec, V. Mandic, S. Marano, S. Márka, J. Markowitz, E. Maros, I. Martin, J. N. Marx, K. Mason, L. Matone, V. Matta, N. Mavalvala, R. McCarthy, D. E. McClelland, S. C. McGuire, M. McHugh, K. McKenzie, J. W.C. McNabb, S. McWilliams, T. Meier, A. Melissinos, G. Mendell, R. A. Mercer, S. Meshkov, E. Messaritaki, C. J. Messenger, D. Meyers, E. Mikhailov, S. Mitra, V. P. Mitrofanov, G. Mitselmakher, R. Mittleman, O. Miyakawa, S. Mohanty, G. Moreno, K. Mossavi, C. MowLowry, A. Moylan, D. Mudge, G. Mueller, S. Mukherjee, H. Müller-Ebhardt, J. Munch, P. Murray, E. Myers, J. Myers, T. Nash, G. Newton, A. Nishizawa, F. Nocera, K. Numata, B. O'Reilly, R. O'Shaughnessy, D. J. Ottaway, H. Overmier, B. J. Owen, Y. Pan, M. A. Papa, V. Parameshwaraiah, C. Parameswariah, P. Patel, M. Pedraza, S. Penn, V. Pierro, I. M. Pinto, M. Pitkin, H. Pletsch, M. V. Plissi, F. Postiglione, R. Prix, V. Quetschke, F. Raab, D. Rabeling, H. Radkins, R. Rahkola, N. Rainer, M. Rakhmanov, K. Rawlins, S. Ray-Majumder, V. Re, T. Regimbau, H. Rehbein, S. Reid, D. H. Reitze, L. Ribichini, R. Riesen, K. Riles, B. Rivera, N. A. Robertson, C. Robinson, E. L. Robinson, S. Roddy, A. Rodriguez, A. M. Rogan, J. Rollins, J. D. Romano, J. Romie, R. Route, S. Rowan, A. Rüdiger, L. Ruet, P. Russell, K. Ryan, S. Sakata, M. Samidi, L. Sancho De La Jordana, V. Sandberg, G. H. Sanders, V. Sannibale, S. Saraf, P. Sarin, B. S. Sathyaprakash, S. Sato, P. R. Saulson, R. Savage, P. Savov, A. Sazonov, S. Schediwy, R. Schilling, R. Schnabel, R. Schofield, B. F. Schutz, P. Schwinberg, S. M. Scott, A. C. Searle, B. Sears, F. Seifert, D. Sellers, A. S. Sengupta, P. Shawhan, D. H. Shoemaker, A. Sibley, J. A. Sidles, X. Siemens, D. Sigg, S. Sinha, A. M. Sintes, B. J.J. Slagmolen, J. Slutsky, J. R. Smith, M. R. Smith, K. Somiya, K. A. Strain, D. M. Strom, A. Stuver, T. Z. Summerscales, K. X. Sun, M. Sung, P. J. Sutton, H. Takahashi, D. B. Tanner, M. Tarallo, R. Taylor, R. Taylor, J. Thacker, K. A. Thorne, K. S. Thorne, A. Thüring, K. V. Tokmakov, C. Torres, C. Torrie, G. Traylor, M. Trias, W. Tyler, D. Ugolini, C. Ungarelli, K. Urbanek, H. Vahlbruch, M. Vallisneri, C. Van Den Broeck, M. Van Putten, M. Varvella, S. Vass, A. Vecchio, J. Veitch, P. Veitch, A. Villar, C. Vorvick, S. P. Vyachanin, S. J. Waldman, L. Wallace, H. Ward, R. Ward, K. Watts, D. Webber, A. Weidner, M. Weinert, A. Weinstein, R. Weiss, S. Wen, K. Wette, J. T. Whelan, D. M. Whitbeck, S. E. Whitcomb, B. F. Whiting, S. Wiley, C. Wilkinson, P. A. Willems, L. Williams, B. Willke, I. Wilmut, W. Winkler, C. C. Wipf, S. Wise, A. G. Wiseman, G. Woan, D. Woods, R. Wooley, J. Worden, W. Wu, I. Yakushin, H. Yamamoto, Z. Yan, S. Yoshida, N. Yunes, M. Zanolin, J. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhao, N. Zotov, M. Zucker, H. Zur Mühlen, J. Zweizig, M. Kramer, A. G. Lyne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

137 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present upper limits on the gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars based on data from the third and fourth science runs of the LIGO and GEO 600 gravitational wave detectors. The data from both runs have been combined coherently to maximize sensitivity. For the first time, pulsars within binary (or multiple) systems have been included in the search by taking into account the signal modulation due to their orbits. Our upper limits are therefore the first measured for 56 of these pulsars. For the remaining 22, our results improve on previous upper limits by up to a factor of 10. For example, our tightest upper limit on the gravitational strain is 2.6×10-25 for PSR J1603-7202, and the equatorial ellipticity of PSR J2124-3358 is less than 10-6. Furthermore, our strain upper limit for the Crab pulsar is only 2.2 times greater than the fiducial spin-down limit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number042001
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume76
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 3 2007

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pulsars
gravitational waves
LIGO (observatory)
crabs
ellipticity
orbits
modulation
sensitivity
detectors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Abbott, B., Abbott, R., Adhikari, R., Agresti, J., Ajith, P., Allen, B., ... Lyne, A. G. (2007). Upper limits on gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 76(4), [042001]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.76.042001
Abbott, B. ; Abbott, R. ; Adhikari, R. ; Agresti, J. ; Ajith, P. ; Allen, B. ; Amin, R. ; Anderson, S. B. ; Anderson, W. G. ; Arain, M. ; Araya, M. ; Armandula, H. ; Ashley, M. ; Aston, S. ; Aufmuth, P. ; Aulbert, C. ; Babak, S. ; Ballmer, S. ; Bantilan, H. ; Barish, B. C. ; Barker, C. ; Barker, D. ; Barr, B. ; Barriga, P. ; Barton, M. A. ; Bayer, K. ; Belczynski, K. ; Betzwieser, J. ; Beyersdorf, P. T. ; Bhawal, B. ; Bilenko, I. A. ; Billingsley, G. ; Biswas, R. ; Black, E. ; Blackburn, K. ; Blackburn, L. ; Blair, D. ; Bland, B. ; Bogenstahl, J. ; Bogue, L. ; Bork, R. ; Boschi, V. ; Bose, S. ; Brady, P. R. ; Braginsky, V. B. ; Brau, J. E. ; Brinkmann, M. ; Brooks, A. ; Brown, D. A. ; Bullington, A. ; Bunkowski, A. ; Buonanno, A. ; Burmeister, O. ; Busby, D. ; Butler, W. E. ; Byer, R. L. ; Cadonati, L. ; Cagnoli, G. ; Camp, J. B. ; Cannizzo, J. ; Cannon, K. ; Cantley, C. A. ; Cao, J. ; Cardenas, L. ; Carter, K. ; Casey, M. M. ; Castaldi, G. ; Cepeda, C. ; Chalkey, E. ; Charlton, P. ; Chatterji, S. ; Chelkowski, S. ; Chen, Y. ; Chiadini, F. ; Chin, D. ; Chin, E. ; Chow, J. ; Christensen, N. ; Clark, J. ; Cochrane, P. ; Cokelaer, T. ; Colacino, C. N. ; Coldwell, R. ; Conte, R. ; Cook, D. ; Corbitt, T. ; Coward, D. ; Coyne, D. ; Creighton, J. D.E. ; Creighton, T. D. ; Croce, R. P. ; Crooks, D. R.M. ; Cruise, A. M. ; Cumming, A. ; Dalrymple, J. ; D'Ambrosio, E. ; Danzmann, K. ; Davies, G. ; DeBra, D. ; Degallaix, J. ; Degree, M. ; Demma, T. ; Dergachev, V. ; Desai, S. ; DeSalvo, R. ; Dhurandhar, S. ; Díaz, M. ; Dickson, J. ; Di Credico, A. ; Diederichs, G. ; Dietz, A. ; Doomes, E. E. ; Drever, R. W.P. ; Dumas, J. C. ; Dupuis, R. J. ; Dwyer, J. G. ; Ehrens, P. ; Espinoza, E. ; Etzel, T. ; Evans, M. ; Evans, T. ; Fairhurst, S. ; Fan, Y. ; Fazi, D. ; Fejer, M. M. ; Finn, L. S. ; Fiumara, V. ; Fotopoulos, N. ; Franzen, A. ; Franzen, K. Y. ; Freise, A. ; Frey, R. ; Fricke, T. ; Fritschel, P. ; Frolov, V. V. ; Fyffe, M. ; Galdi, V. ; Ganezer, K. S. ; Garofoli, J. ; Gholami, I. ; Giaime, J. A. ; Giampanis, S. ; Giardina, K. D. ; Goda, K. ; Goetz, E. ; Goggin, L. ; González, G. ; Gossler, S. ; Grant, A. ; Gras, S. ; Gray, C. ; Gray, M. ; Greenhalgh, J. ; Gretarsson, A. M. ; Grosso, R. ; Grote, H. ; Grunewald, S. ; Guenther, M. ; Gustafson, R. ; Hage, B. ; Hammer, D. ; Hanna, C. ; Hanson, J. ; Harms, J. ; Harry, G. ; Harstad, E. ; Hayler, T. ; Heefner, J. ; Heng, I. S. ; Heptonstall, A. ; Heurs, M. ; Hewitson, M. ; Hild, S. ; Hirose, E. ; Hoak, D. ; Hosken, D. ; Hough, J. ; Howell, E. ; Hoyland, D. ; Huttner, S. H. ; Ingram, D. ; Innerhofer, E. ; Ito, M. ; Itoh, Y. ; Ivanov, A. ; Jackrel, D. ; Johnson, B. ; Johnson, W. W. ; Jones, D. I. ; Jones, G. ; Jones, R. ; Ju, L. ; Kalmus, P. ; Kalogera, V. ; Kasprzyk, D. ; Katsavounidis, E. ; Kawabe, K. ; Kawamura, S. ; Kawazoe, F. ; Kells, W. ; Keppel, D. G. ; Khalili, F. Ya ; Kim, C. ; King, P. ; Kissel, J. S. ; Klimenko, S. ; Kokeyama, K. ; Kondrashov, V. ; Kopparapu, R. K. ; Kozak, D. ; Krishnan, B. ; Kwee, P. ; Lam, P. K. ; Landry, M. ; Lantz, B. ; Lazzarini, A. ; Lee, B. ; Lei, M. ; Leiner, J. ; Leonhardt, V. ; Leonor, I. ; Libbrecht, K. ; Lindquist, P. ; Lockerbie, N. A. ; Longo, M. ; Lormand, M. ; Lubinski, M. ; Lück, H. ; Machenschalk, B. ; MacInnis, M. ; Mageswaran, M. ; Mailand, K. ; Malec, M. ; Mandic, V. ; Marano, S. ; Márka, S. ; Markowitz, J. ; Maros, E. ; Martin, I. ; Marx, J. N. ; Mason, K. ; Matone, L. ; Matta, V. ; Mavalvala, N. ; McCarthy, R. ; McClelland, D. E. ; McGuire, S. C. ; McHugh, M. ; McKenzie, K. ; McNabb, J. W.C. ; McWilliams, S. ; Meier, T. ; Melissinos, A. ; Mendell, G. ; Mercer, R. A. ; Meshkov, S. ; Messaritaki, E. ; Messenger, C. J. ; Meyers, D. ; Mikhailov, E. ; Mitra, S. ; Mitrofanov, V. P. ; Mitselmakher, G. ; Mittleman, R. ; Miyakawa, O. ; Mohanty, S. ; Moreno, G. ; Mossavi, K. ; MowLowry, C. ; Moylan, A. ; Mudge, D. ; Mueller, G. ; Mukherjee, S. ; Müller-Ebhardt, H. ; Munch, J. ; Murray, P. ; Myers, E. ; Myers, J. ; Nash, T. ; Newton, G. ; Nishizawa, A. ; Nocera, F. ; Numata, K. ; O'Reilly, B. ; O'Shaughnessy, R. ; Ottaway, D. J. ; Overmier, H. ; Owen, B. J. ; Pan, Y. ; Papa, M. A. ; Parameshwaraiah, V. ; Parameswariah, C. ; Patel, P. ; Pedraza, M. ; Penn, S. ; Pierro, V. ; Pinto, I. M. ; Pitkin, M. ; Pletsch, H. ; Plissi, M. V. ; Postiglione, F. ; Prix, R. ; Quetschke, V. ; Raab, F. ; Rabeling, D. ; Radkins, H. ; Rahkola, R. ; Rainer, N. ; Rakhmanov, M. ; Rawlins, K. ; Ray-Majumder, S. ; Re, V. ; Regimbau, T. ; Rehbein, H. ; Reid, S. ; Reitze, D. H. ; Ribichini, L. ; Riesen, R. ; Riles, K. ; Rivera, B. ; Robertson, N. A. ; Robinson, C. ; Robinson, E. L. ; Roddy, S. ; Rodriguez, A. ; Rogan, A. M. ; Rollins, J. ; Romano, J. D. ; Romie, J. ; Route, R. ; Rowan, S. ; Rüdiger, A. ; Ruet, L. ; Russell, P. ; Ryan, K. ; Sakata, S. ; Samidi, M. ; De La Jordana, L. Sancho ; Sandberg, V. ; Sanders, G. H. ; Sannibale, V. ; Saraf, S. ; Sarin, P. ; Sathyaprakash, B. S. ; Sato, S. ; Saulson, P. R. ; Savage, R. ; Savov, P. ; Sazonov, A. ; Schediwy, S. ; Schilling, R. ; Schnabel, R. ; Schofield, R. ; Schutz, B. F. ; Schwinberg, P. ; Scott, S. M. ; Searle, A. C. ; Sears, B. ; Seifert, F. ; Sellers, D. ; Sengupta, A. S. ; Shawhan, P. ; Shoemaker, D. H. ; Sibley, A. ; Sidles, J. A. ; Siemens, X. ; Sigg, D. ; Sinha, S. ; Sintes, A. M. ; Slagmolen, B. J.J. ; Slutsky, J. ; Smith, J. R. ; Smith, M. R. ; Somiya, K. ; Strain, K. A. ; Strom, D. M. ; Stuver, A. ; Summerscales, T. Z. ; Sun, K. X. ; Sung, M. ; Sutton, P. J. ; Takahashi, H. ; Tanner, D. B. ; Tarallo, M. ; Taylor, R. ; Taylor, R. ; Thacker, J. ; Thorne, K. A. ; Thorne, K. S. ; Thüring, A. ; Tokmakov, K. V. ; Torres, C. ; Torrie, C. ; Traylor, G. ; Trias, M. ; Tyler, W. ; Ugolini, D. ; Ungarelli, C. ; Urbanek, K. ; Vahlbruch, H. ; Vallisneri, M. ; Van Den Broeck, C. ; Van Putten, M. ; Varvella, M. ; Vass, S. ; Vecchio, A. ; Veitch, J. ; Veitch, P. ; Villar, A. ; Vorvick, C. ; Vyachanin, S. P. ; Waldman, S. J. ; Wallace, L. ; Ward, H. ; Ward, R. ; Watts, K. ; Webber, D. ; Weidner, A. ; Weinert, M. ; Weinstein, A. ; Weiss, R. ; Wen, S. ; Wette, K. ; Whelan, J. T. ; Whitbeck, D. M. ; Whitcomb, S. E. ; Whiting, B. F. ; Wiley, S. ; Wilkinson, C. ; Willems, P. A. ; Williams, L. ; Willke, B. ; Wilmut, I. ; Winkler, W. ; Wipf, C. C. ; Wise, S. ; Wiseman, A. G. ; Woan, G. ; Woods, D. ; Wooley, R. ; Worden, J. ; Wu, W. ; Yakushin, I. ; Yamamoto, H. ; Yan, Z. ; Yoshida, S. ; Yunes, N. ; Zanolin, M. ; Zhang, J. ; Zhang, L. ; Zhao, C. ; Zotov, N. ; Zucker, M. ; Zur Mühlen, H. ; Zweizig, J. ; Kramer, M. ; Lyne, A. G. / Upper limits on gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars. In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology. 2007 ; Vol. 76, No. 4.
@article{533c54f0b4454e10a78a8c64f3d67de2,
title = "Upper limits on gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars",
abstract = "We present upper limits on the gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars based on data from the third and fourth science runs of the LIGO and GEO 600 gravitational wave detectors. The data from both runs have been combined coherently to maximize sensitivity. For the first time, pulsars within binary (or multiple) systems have been included in the search by taking into account the signal modulation due to their orbits. Our upper limits are therefore the first measured for 56 of these pulsars. For the remaining 22, our results improve on previous upper limits by up to a factor of 10. For example, our tightest upper limit on the gravitational strain is 2.6×10-25 for PSR J1603-7202, and the equatorial ellipticity of PSR J2124-3358 is less than 10-6. Furthermore, our strain upper limit for the Crab pulsar is only 2.2 times greater than the fiducial spin-down limit.",
author = "B. Abbott and R. Abbott and R. Adhikari and J. Agresti and P. Ajith and B. Allen and R. Amin and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and M. Arain and M. Araya and H. Armandula and M. Ashley and S. Aston and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and S. Babak and S. Ballmer and H. Bantilan and Barish, {B. C.} and C. Barker and D. Barker and B. Barr and P. Barriga and Barton, {M. A.} and K. Bayer and K. Belczynski and J. Betzwieser and Beyersdorf, {P. T.} and B. Bhawal and Bilenko, {I. A.} and G. Billingsley and R. Biswas and E. Black and K. Blackburn and L. Blackburn and D. Blair and B. Bland and J. Bogenstahl and L. Bogue and R. Bork and V. Boschi and S. Bose and Brady, {P. R.} and Braginsky, {V. B.} and Brau, {J. E.} and M. Brinkmann and A. Brooks and Brown, {D. A.} and A. Bullington and A. Bunkowski and A. Buonanno and O. Burmeister and D. Busby and Butler, {W. E.} and Byer, {R. L.} and L. Cadonati and G. Cagnoli and Camp, {J. B.} and J. Cannizzo and K. Cannon and Cantley, {C. A.} and J. Cao and L. Cardenas and K. Carter and Casey, {M. M.} and G. Castaldi and C. Cepeda and E. Chalkey and P. Charlton and S. Chatterji and S. Chelkowski and Y. Chen and F. Chiadini and D. Chin and E. Chin and J. Chow and N. Christensen and J. Clark and P. Cochrane and T. Cokelaer and Colacino, {C. N.} and R. Coldwell and R. Conte and D. Cook and T. Corbitt and D. Coward and D. Coyne and Creighton, {J. D.E.} and Creighton, {T. D.} and Croce, {R. P.} and Crooks, {D. R.M.} and Cruise, {A. M.} and A. Cumming and J. Dalrymple and E. D'Ambrosio and K. Danzmann and G. Davies and D. DeBra and J. Degallaix and M. Degree and T. Demma and V. Dergachev and S. Desai and R. DeSalvo and S. Dhurandhar and M. D{\'i}az and J. Dickson and {Di Credico}, A. and G. Diederichs and A. Dietz and Doomes, {E. E.} and Drever, {R. W.P.} and Dumas, {J. C.} and Dupuis, {R. J.} and Dwyer, {J. G.} and P. Ehrens and E. Espinoza and T. Etzel and M. Evans and T. Evans and S. Fairhurst and Y. Fan and D. Fazi and Fejer, {M. M.} and Finn, {L. S.} and V. Fiumara and N. Fotopoulos and A. Franzen and Franzen, {K. Y.} and A. Freise and R. Frey and T. Fricke and P. Fritschel and Frolov, {V. V.} and M. Fyffe and V. Galdi and Ganezer, {K. S.} and J. Garofoli and I. Gholami and Giaime, {J. A.} and S. Giampanis and Giardina, {K. D.} and K. Goda and E. Goetz and L. Goggin and G. Gonz{\'a}lez and S. Gossler and A. Grant and S. Gras and C. Gray and M. Gray and J. Greenhalgh and Gretarsson, {A. M.} and R. Grosso and H. Grote and S. Grunewald and M. Guenther and R. Gustafson and B. Hage and D. Hammer and C. Hanna and J. Hanson and J. Harms and G. Harry and E. Harstad and T. Hayler and J. Heefner and Heng, {I. S.} and A. Heptonstall and M. Heurs and M. Hewitson and S. Hild and E. Hirose and D. Hoak and D. Hosken and J. Hough and E. Howell and D. Hoyland and Huttner, {S. H.} and D. Ingram and E. Innerhofer and M. Ito and Y. Itoh and A. Ivanov and D. Jackrel and B. Johnson and Johnson, {W. W.} and Jones, {D. I.} and G. Jones and R. Jones and L. Ju and P. Kalmus and V. Kalogera and D. Kasprzyk and E. Katsavounidis and K. Kawabe and S. Kawamura and F. Kawazoe and W. Kells and Keppel, {D. G.} and Khalili, {F. Ya} and C. Kim and P. King and Kissel, {J. S.} and S. Klimenko and K. Kokeyama and V. Kondrashov and Kopparapu, {R. K.} and D. Kozak and B. Krishnan and P. Kwee and Lam, {P. K.} and M. Landry and B. Lantz and A. Lazzarini and B. Lee and M. Lei and J. Leiner and V. Leonhardt and I. Leonor and K. Libbrecht and P. Lindquist and Lockerbie, {N. A.} and M. Longo and M. Lormand and M. Lubinski and H. L{\"u}ck and B. Machenschalk and M. MacInnis and M. Mageswaran and K. Mailand and M. Malec and V. Mandic and S. Marano and S. M{\'a}rka and J. Markowitz and E. Maros and I. Martin and Marx, {J. N.} and K. Mason and L. Matone and V. Matta and N. Mavalvala and R. McCarthy and McClelland, {D. E.} and McGuire, {S. C.} and M. McHugh and K. McKenzie and McNabb, {J. W.C.} and S. McWilliams and T. Meier and A. Melissinos and G. Mendell and Mercer, {R. A.} and S. Meshkov and E. Messaritaki and Messenger, {C. J.} and D. Meyers and E. Mikhailov and S. Mitra and Mitrofanov, {V. P.} and G. Mitselmakher and R. Mittleman and O. Miyakawa and S. Mohanty and G. Moreno and K. Mossavi and C. MowLowry and A. Moylan and D. Mudge and G. Mueller and S. Mukherjee and H. M{\"u}ller-Ebhardt and J. Munch and P. Murray and E. Myers and J. Myers and T. Nash and G. Newton and A. Nishizawa and F. Nocera and K. Numata and B. O'Reilly and R. O'Shaughnessy and Ottaway, {D. J.} and H. Overmier and Owen, {B. J.} and Y. Pan and Papa, {M. A.} and V. Parameshwaraiah and C. Parameswariah and P. Patel and M. Pedraza and S. Penn and V. Pierro and Pinto, {I. M.} and M. Pitkin and H. Pletsch and Plissi, {M. V.} and F. Postiglione and R. Prix and V. Quetschke and F. Raab and D. Rabeling and H. Radkins and R. Rahkola and N. Rainer and M. Rakhmanov and K. Rawlins and S. Ray-Majumder and V. Re and T. Regimbau and H. Rehbein and S. Reid and Reitze, {D. H.} and L. Ribichini and R. Riesen and K. Riles and B. Rivera and Robertson, {N. A.} and C. Robinson and Robinson, {E. L.} and S. Roddy and A. Rodriguez and Rogan, {A. M.} and J. Rollins and Romano, {J. D.} and J. Romie and R. Route and S. Rowan and A. R{\"u}diger and L. Ruet and P. Russell and K. Ryan and S. Sakata and M. Samidi and {De La Jordana}, {L. Sancho} and V. Sandberg and Sanders, {G. H.} and V. Sannibale and S. Saraf and P. Sarin and Sathyaprakash, {B. S.} and S. Sato and Saulson, {P. R.} and R. Savage and P. Savov and A. Sazonov and S. Schediwy and R. Schilling and R. Schnabel and R. Schofield and Schutz, {B. F.} and P. Schwinberg and Scott, {S. M.} and Searle, {A. C.} and B. Sears and F. Seifert and D. Sellers and Sengupta, {A. S.} and P. Shawhan and Shoemaker, {D. H.} and A. Sibley and Sidles, {J. A.} and X. Siemens and D. Sigg and S. Sinha and Sintes, {A. M.} and Slagmolen, {B. J.J.} and J. Slutsky and Smith, {J. R.} and Smith, {M. R.} and K. Somiya and Strain, {K. A.} and Strom, {D. M.} and A. Stuver and Summerscales, {T. Z.} and Sun, {K. X.} and M. Sung and Sutton, {P. J.} and H. Takahashi and Tanner, {D. B.} and M. Tarallo and R. Taylor and R. Taylor and J. Thacker and Thorne, {K. A.} and Thorne, {K. S.} and A. Th{\"u}ring and Tokmakov, {K. V.} and C. Torres and C. Torrie and G. Traylor and M. Trias and W. Tyler and D. Ugolini and C. Ungarelli and K. Urbanek and H. Vahlbruch and M. Vallisneri and {Van Den Broeck}, C. and {Van Putten}, M. and M. Varvella and S. Vass and A. Vecchio and J. Veitch and P. Veitch and A. Villar and C. Vorvick and Vyachanin, {S. P.} and Waldman, {S. J.} and L. Wallace and H. Ward and R. Ward and K. Watts and D. Webber and A. Weidner and M. Weinert and A. Weinstein and R. Weiss and S. Wen and K. Wette and Whelan, {J. T.} and Whitbeck, {D. M.} and Whitcomb, {S. E.} and Whiting, {B. F.} and S. Wiley and C. Wilkinson and Willems, {P. A.} and L. Williams and B. Willke and I. Wilmut and W. Winkler and Wipf, {C. C.} and S. Wise and Wiseman, {A. G.} and G. Woan and D. Woods and R. Wooley and J. Worden and W. Wu and I. Yakushin and H. Yamamoto and Z. Yan and S. Yoshida and N. Yunes and M. Zanolin and J. Zhang and L. Zhang and C. Zhao and N. Zotov and M. Zucker and {Zur M{\"u}hlen}, H. and J. Zweizig and M. Kramer and Lyne, {A. G.}",
year = "2007",
month = "8",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevD.76.042001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "76",
journal = "Physical Review D",
issn = "0556-2821",
number = "4",

}

Abbott, B, Abbott, R, Adhikari, R, Agresti, J, Ajith, P, Allen, B, Amin, R, Anderson, SB, Anderson, WG, Arain, M, Araya, M, Armandula, H, Ashley, M, Aston, S, Aufmuth, P, Aulbert, C, Babak, S, Ballmer, S, Bantilan, H, Barish, BC, Barker, C, Barker, D, Barr, B, Barriga, P, Barton, MA, Bayer, K, Belczynski, K, Betzwieser, J, Beyersdorf, PT, Bhawal, B, Bilenko, IA, Billingsley, G, Biswas, R, Black, E, Blackburn, K, Blackburn, L, Blair, D, Bland, B, Bogenstahl, J, Bogue, L, Bork, R, Boschi, V, Bose, S, Brady, PR, Braginsky, VB, Brau, JE, Brinkmann, M, Brooks, A, Brown, DA, Bullington, A, Bunkowski, A, Buonanno, A, Burmeister, O, Busby, D, Butler, WE, Byer, RL, Cadonati, L, Cagnoli, G, Camp, JB, Cannizzo, J, Cannon, K, Cantley, CA, Cao, J, Cardenas, L, Carter, K, Casey, MM, Castaldi, G, Cepeda, C, Chalkey, E, Charlton, P, Chatterji, S, Chelkowski, S, Chen, Y, Chiadini, F, Chin, D, Chin, E, Chow, J, Christensen, N, Clark, J, Cochrane, P, Cokelaer, T, Colacino, CN, Coldwell, R, Conte, R, Cook, D, Corbitt, T, Coward, D, Coyne, D, Creighton, JDE, Creighton, TD, Croce, RP, Crooks, DRM, Cruise, AM, Cumming, A, Dalrymple, J, D'Ambrosio, E, Danzmann, K, Davies, G, DeBra, D, Degallaix, J, Degree, M, Demma, T, Dergachev, V, Desai, S, DeSalvo, R, Dhurandhar, S, Díaz, M, Dickson, J, Di Credico, A, Diederichs, G, Dietz, A, Doomes, EE, Drever, RWP, Dumas, JC, Dupuis, RJ, Dwyer, JG, Ehrens, P, Espinoza, E, Etzel, T, Evans, M, Evans, T, Fairhurst, S, Fan, Y, Fazi, D, Fejer, MM, Finn, LS, Fiumara, V, Fotopoulos, N, Franzen, A, Franzen, KY, Freise, A, Frey, R, Fricke, T, Fritschel, P, Frolov, VV, Fyffe, M, Galdi, V, Ganezer, KS, Garofoli, J, Gholami, I, Giaime, JA, Giampanis, S, Giardina, KD, Goda, K, Goetz, E, Goggin, L, González, G, Gossler, S, Grant, A, Gras, S, Gray, C, Gray, M, Greenhalgh, J, Gretarsson, AM, Grosso, R, Grote, H, Grunewald, S, Guenther, M, Gustafson, R, Hage, B, Hammer, D, Hanna, C, Hanson, J, Harms, J, Harry, G, Harstad, E, Hayler, T, Heefner, J, Heng, IS, Heptonstall, A, Heurs, M, Hewitson, M, Hild, S, Hirose, E, Hoak, D, Hosken, D, Hough, J, Howell, E, Hoyland, D, Huttner, SH, Ingram, D, Innerhofer, E, Ito, M, Itoh, Y, Ivanov, A, Jackrel, D, Johnson, B, Johnson, WW, Jones, DI, Jones, G, Jones, R, Ju, L, Kalmus, P, Kalogera, V, Kasprzyk, D, Katsavounidis, E, Kawabe, K, Kawamura, S, Kawazoe, F, Kells, W, Keppel, DG, Khalili, FY, Kim, C, King, P, Kissel, JS, Klimenko, S, Kokeyama, K, Kondrashov, V, Kopparapu, RK, Kozak, D, Krishnan, B, Kwee, P, Lam, PK, Landry, M, Lantz, B, Lazzarini, A, Lee, B, Lei, M, Leiner, J, Leonhardt, V, Leonor, I, Libbrecht, K, Lindquist, P, Lockerbie, NA, Longo, M, Lormand, M, Lubinski, M, Lück, H, Machenschalk, B, MacInnis, M, Mageswaran, M, Mailand, K, Malec, M, Mandic, V, Marano, S, Márka, S, Markowitz, J, Maros, E, Martin, I, Marx, JN, Mason, K, Matone, L, Matta, V, Mavalvala, N, McCarthy, R, McClelland, DE, McGuire, SC, McHugh, M, McKenzie, K, McNabb, JWC, McWilliams, S, Meier, T, Melissinos, A, Mendell, G, Mercer, RA, Meshkov, S, Messaritaki, E, Messenger, CJ, Meyers, D, Mikhailov, E, Mitra, S, Mitrofanov, VP, Mitselmakher, G, Mittleman, R, Miyakawa, O, Mohanty, S, Moreno, G, Mossavi, K, MowLowry, C, Moylan, A, Mudge, D, Mueller, G, Mukherjee, S, Müller-Ebhardt, H, Munch, J, Murray, P, Myers, E, Myers, J, Nash, T, Newton, G, Nishizawa, A, Nocera, F, Numata, K, O'Reilly, B, O'Shaughnessy, R, Ottaway, DJ, Overmier, H, Owen, BJ, Pan, Y, Papa, MA, Parameshwaraiah, V, Parameswariah, C, Patel, P, Pedraza, M, Penn, S, Pierro, V, Pinto, IM, Pitkin, M, Pletsch, H, Plissi, MV, Postiglione, F, Prix, R, Quetschke, V, Raab, F, Rabeling, D, Radkins, H, Rahkola, R, Rainer, N, Rakhmanov, M, Rawlins, K, Ray-Majumder, S, Re, V, Regimbau, T, Rehbein, H, Reid, S, Reitze, DH, Ribichini, L, Riesen, R, Riles, K, Rivera, B, Robertson, NA, Robinson, C, Robinson, EL, Roddy, S, Rodriguez, A, Rogan, AM, Rollins, J, Romano, JD, Romie, J, Route, R, Rowan, S, Rüdiger, A, Ruet, L, Russell, P, Ryan, K, Sakata, S, Samidi, M, De La Jordana, LS, Sandberg, V, Sanders, GH, Sannibale, V, Saraf, S, Sarin, P, Sathyaprakash, BS, Sato, S, Saulson, PR, Savage, R, Savov, P, Sazonov, A, Schediwy, S, Schilling, R, Schnabel, R, Schofield, R, Schutz, BF, Schwinberg, P, Scott, SM, Searle, AC, Sears, B, Seifert, F, Sellers, D, Sengupta, AS, Shawhan, P, Shoemaker, DH, Sibley, A, Sidles, JA, Siemens, X, Sigg, D, Sinha, S, Sintes, AM, Slagmolen, BJJ, Slutsky, J, Smith, JR, Smith, MR, Somiya, K, Strain, KA, Strom, DM, Stuver, A, Summerscales, TZ, Sun, KX, Sung, M, Sutton, PJ, Takahashi, H, Tanner, DB, Tarallo, M, Taylor, R, Taylor, R, Thacker, J, Thorne, KA, Thorne, KS, Thüring, A, Tokmakov, KV, Torres, C, Torrie, C, Traylor, G, Trias, M, Tyler, W, Ugolini, D, Ungarelli, C, Urbanek, K, Vahlbruch, H, Vallisneri, M, Van Den Broeck, C, Van Putten, M, Varvella, M, Vass, S, Vecchio, A, Veitch, J, Veitch, P, Villar, A, Vorvick, C, Vyachanin, SP, Waldman, SJ, Wallace, L, Ward, H, Ward, R, Watts, K, Webber, D, Weidner, A, Weinert, M, Weinstein, A, Weiss, R, Wen, S, Wette, K, Whelan, JT, Whitbeck, DM, Whitcomb, SE, Whiting, BF, Wiley, S, Wilkinson, C, Willems, PA, Williams, L, Willke, B, Wilmut, I, Winkler, W, Wipf, CC, Wise, S, Wiseman, AG, Woan, G, Woods, D, Wooley, R, Worden, J, Wu, W, Yakushin, I, Yamamoto, H, Yan, Z, Yoshida, S, Yunes, N, Zanolin, M, Zhang, J, Zhang, L, Zhao, C, Zotov, N, Zucker, M, Zur Mühlen, H, Zweizig, J, Kramer, M & Lyne, AG 2007, 'Upper limits on gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars', Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, vol. 76, no. 4, 042001. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.76.042001

Upper limits on gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars. / Abbott, B.; Abbott, R.; Adhikari, R.; Agresti, J.; Ajith, P.; Allen, B.; Amin, R.; Anderson, S. B.; Anderson, W. G.; Arain, M.; Araya, M.; Armandula, H.; Ashley, M.; Aston, S.; Aufmuth, P.; Aulbert, C.; Babak, S.; Ballmer, S.; Bantilan, H.; Barish, B. C.; Barker, C.; Barker, D.; Barr, B.; Barriga, P.; Barton, M. A.; Bayer, K.; Belczynski, K.; Betzwieser, J.; Beyersdorf, P. T.; Bhawal, B.; Bilenko, I. A.; Billingsley, G.; Biswas, R.; Black, E.; Blackburn, K.; Blackburn, L.; Blair, D.; Bland, B.; Bogenstahl, J.; Bogue, L.; Bork, R.; Boschi, V.; Bose, S.; Brady, P. R.; Braginsky, V. B.; Brau, J. E.; Brinkmann, M.; Brooks, A.; Brown, D. A.; Bullington, A.; Bunkowski, A.; Buonanno, A.; Burmeister, O.; Busby, D.; Butler, W. E.; Byer, R. L.; Cadonati, L.; Cagnoli, G.; Camp, J. B.; Cannizzo, J.; Cannon, K.; Cantley, C. A.; Cao, J.; Cardenas, L.; Carter, K.; Casey, M. M.; Castaldi, G.; Cepeda, C.; Chalkey, E.; Charlton, P.; Chatterji, S.; Chelkowski, S.; Chen, Y.; Chiadini, F.; Chin, D.; Chin, E.; Chow, J.; Christensen, N.; Clark, J.; Cochrane, P.; Cokelaer, T.; Colacino, C. N.; Coldwell, R.; Conte, R.; Cook, D.; Corbitt, T.; Coward, D.; Coyne, D.; Creighton, J. D.E.; Creighton, T. D.; Croce, R. P.; Crooks, D. R.M.; Cruise, A. M.; Cumming, A.; Dalrymple, J.; D'Ambrosio, E.; Danzmann, K.; Davies, G.; DeBra, D.; Degallaix, J.; Degree, M.; Demma, T.; Dergachev, V.; Desai, S.; DeSalvo, R.; Dhurandhar, S.; Díaz, M.; Dickson, J.; Di Credico, A.; Diederichs, G.; Dietz, A.; Doomes, E. E.; Drever, R. W.P.; Dumas, J. C.; Dupuis, R. J.; Dwyer, J. G.; Ehrens, P.; Espinoza, E.; Etzel, T.; Evans, M.; Evans, T.; Fairhurst, S.; Fan, Y.; Fazi, D.; Fejer, M. M.; Finn, L. S.; Fiumara, V.; Fotopoulos, N.; Franzen, A.; Franzen, K. Y.; Freise, A.; Frey, R.; Fricke, T.; Fritschel, P.; Frolov, V. V.; Fyffe, M.; Galdi, V.; Ganezer, K. S.; Garofoli, J.; Gholami, I.; Giaime, J. A.; Giampanis, S.; Giardina, K. D.; Goda, K.; Goetz, E.; Goggin, L.; González, G.; Gossler, S.; Grant, A.; Gras, S.; Gray, C.; Gray, M.; Greenhalgh, J.; Gretarsson, A. M.; Grosso, R.; Grote, H.; Grunewald, S.; Guenther, M.; Gustafson, R.; Hage, B.; Hammer, D.; Hanna, C.; Hanson, J.; Harms, J.; Harry, G.; Harstad, E.; Hayler, T.; Heefner, J.; Heng, I. S.; Heptonstall, A.; Heurs, M.; Hewitson, M.; Hild, S.; Hirose, E.; Hoak, D.; Hosken, D.; Hough, J.; Howell, E.; Hoyland, D.; Huttner, S. H.; Ingram, D.; Innerhofer, E.; Ito, M.; Itoh, Y.; Ivanov, A.; Jackrel, D.; Johnson, B.; Johnson, W. W.; Jones, D. I.; Jones, G.; Jones, R.; Ju, L.; Kalmus, P.; Kalogera, V.; Kasprzyk, D.; Katsavounidis, E.; Kawabe, K.; Kawamura, S.; Kawazoe, F.; Kells, W.; Keppel, D. G.; Khalili, F. Ya; Kim, C.; King, P.; Kissel, J. S.; Klimenko, S.; Kokeyama, K.; Kondrashov, V.; Kopparapu, R. K.; Kozak, D.; Krishnan, B.; Kwee, P.; Lam, P. K.; Landry, M.; Lantz, B.; Lazzarini, A.; Lee, B.; Lei, M.; Leiner, J.; Leonhardt, V.; Leonor, I.; Libbrecht, K.; Lindquist, P.; Lockerbie, N. A.; Longo, M.; Lormand, M.; Lubinski, M.; Lück, H.; Machenschalk, B.; MacInnis, M.; Mageswaran, M.; Mailand, K.; Malec, M.; Mandic, V.; Marano, S.; Márka, S.; Markowitz, J.; Maros, E.; Martin, I.; Marx, J. N.; Mason, K.; Matone, L.; Matta, V.; Mavalvala, N.; McCarthy, R.; McClelland, D. E.; McGuire, S. C.; McHugh, M.; McKenzie, K.; McNabb, J. W.C.; McWilliams, S.; Meier, T.; Melissinos, A.; Mendell, G.; Mercer, R. A.; Meshkov, S.; Messaritaki, E.; Messenger, C. J.; Meyers, D.; Mikhailov, E.; Mitra, S.; Mitrofanov, V. P.; Mitselmakher, G.; Mittleman, R.; Miyakawa, O.; Mohanty, S.; Moreno, G.; Mossavi, K.; MowLowry, C.; Moylan, A.; Mudge, D.; Mueller, G.; Mukherjee, S.; Müller-Ebhardt, H.; Munch, J.; Murray, P.; Myers, E.; Myers, J.; Nash, T.; Newton, G.; Nishizawa, A.; Nocera, F.; Numata, K.; O'Reilly, B.; O'Shaughnessy, R.; Ottaway, D. J.; Overmier, H.; Owen, B. J.; Pan, Y.; Papa, M. A.; Parameshwaraiah, V.; Parameswariah, C.; Patel, P.; Pedraza, M.; Penn, S.; Pierro, V.; Pinto, I. M.; Pitkin, M.; Pletsch, H.; Plissi, M. V.; Postiglione, F.; Prix, R.; Quetschke, V.; Raab, F.; Rabeling, D.; Radkins, H.; Rahkola, R.; Rainer, N.; Rakhmanov, M.; Rawlins, K.; Ray-Majumder, S.; Re, V.; Regimbau, T.; Rehbein, H.; Reid, S.; Reitze, D. H.; Ribichini, L.; Riesen, R.; Riles, K.; Rivera, B.; Robertson, N. A.; Robinson, C.; Robinson, E. L.; Roddy, S.; Rodriguez, A.; Rogan, A. M.; Rollins, J.; Romano, J. D.; Romie, J.; Route, R.; Rowan, S.; Rüdiger, A.; Ruet, L.; Russell, P.; Ryan, K.; Sakata, S.; Samidi, M.; De La Jordana, L. Sancho; Sandberg, V.; Sanders, G. H.; Sannibale, V.; Saraf, S.; Sarin, P.; Sathyaprakash, B. S.; Sato, S.; Saulson, P. R.; Savage, R.; Savov, P.; Sazonov, A.; Schediwy, S.; Schilling, R.; Schnabel, R.; Schofield, R.; Schutz, B. F.; Schwinberg, P.; Scott, S. M.; Searle, A. C.; Sears, B.; Seifert, F.; Sellers, D.; Sengupta, A. S.; Shawhan, P.; Shoemaker, D. H.; Sibley, A.; Sidles, J. A.; Siemens, X.; Sigg, D.; Sinha, S.; Sintes, A. M.; Slagmolen, B. J.J.; Slutsky, J.; Smith, J. R.; Smith, M. R.; Somiya, K.; Strain, K. A.; Strom, D. M.; Stuver, A.; Summerscales, T. Z.; Sun, K. X.; Sung, M.; Sutton, P. J.; Takahashi, H.; Tanner, D. B.; Tarallo, M.; Taylor, R.; Taylor, R.; Thacker, J.; Thorne, K. A.; Thorne, K. S.; Thüring, A.; Tokmakov, K. V.; Torres, C.; Torrie, C.; Traylor, G.; Trias, M.; Tyler, W.; Ugolini, D.; Ungarelli, C.; Urbanek, K.; Vahlbruch, H.; Vallisneri, M.; Van Den Broeck, C.; Van Putten, M.; Varvella, M.; Vass, S.; Vecchio, A.; Veitch, J.; Veitch, P.; Villar, A.; Vorvick, C.; Vyachanin, S. P.; Waldman, S. J.; Wallace, L.; Ward, H.; Ward, R.; Watts, K.; Webber, D.; Weidner, A.; Weinert, M.; Weinstein, A.; Weiss, R.; Wen, S.; Wette, K.; Whelan, J. T.; Whitbeck, D. M.; Whitcomb, S. E.; Whiting, B. F.; Wiley, S.; Wilkinson, C.; Willems, P. A.; Williams, L.; Willke, B.; Wilmut, I.; Winkler, W.; Wipf, C. C.; Wise, S.; Wiseman, A. G.; Woan, G.; Woods, D.; Wooley, R.; Worden, J.; Wu, W.; Yakushin, I.; Yamamoto, H.; Yan, Z.; Yoshida, S.; Yunes, N.; Zanolin, M.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, L.; Zhao, C.; Zotov, N.; Zucker, M.; Zur Mühlen, H.; Zweizig, J.; Kramer, M.; Lyne, A. G.

In: Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, Vol. 76, No. 4, 042001, 03.08.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Upper limits on gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars

AU - Abbott, B.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Adhikari, R.

AU - Agresti, J.

AU - Ajith, P.

AU - Allen, B.

AU - Amin, R.

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Anderson, W. G.

AU - Arain, M.

AU - Araya, M.

AU - Armandula, H.

AU - Ashley, M.

AU - Aston, S.

AU - Aufmuth, P.

AU - Aulbert, C.

AU - Babak, S.

AU - Ballmer, S.

AU - Bantilan, H.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Barker, C.

AU - Barker, D.

AU - Barr, B.

AU - Barriga, P.

AU - Barton, M. A.

AU - Bayer, K.

AU - Belczynski, K.

AU - Betzwieser, J.

AU - Beyersdorf, P. T.

AU - Bhawal, B.

AU - Bilenko, I. A.

AU - Billingsley, G.

AU - Biswas, R.

AU - Black, E.

AU - Blackburn, K.

AU - Blackburn, L.

AU - Blair, D.

AU - Bland, B.

AU - Bogenstahl, J.

AU - Bogue, L.

AU - Bork, R.

AU - Boschi, V.

AU - Bose, S.

AU - Brady, P. R.

AU - Braginsky, V. B.

AU - Brau, J. E.

AU - Brinkmann, M.

AU - Brooks, A.

AU - Brown, D. A.

AU - Bullington, A.

AU - Bunkowski, A.

AU - Buonanno, A.

AU - Burmeister, O.

AU - Busby, D.

AU - Butler, W. E.

AU - Byer, R. L.

AU - Cadonati, L.

AU - Cagnoli, G.

AU - Camp, J. B.

AU - Cannizzo, J.

AU - Cannon, K.

AU - Cantley, C. A.

AU - Cao, J.

AU - Cardenas, L.

AU - Carter, K.

AU - Casey, M. M.

AU - Castaldi, G.

AU - Cepeda, C.

AU - Chalkey, E.

AU - Charlton, P.

AU - Chatterji, S.

AU - Chelkowski, S.

AU - Chen, Y.

AU - Chiadini, F.

AU - Chin, D.

AU - Chin, E.

AU - Chow, J.

AU - Christensen, N.

AU - Clark, J.

AU - Cochrane, P.

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PY - 2007/8/3

Y1 - 2007/8/3

N2 - We present upper limits on the gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars based on data from the third and fourth science runs of the LIGO and GEO 600 gravitational wave detectors. The data from both runs have been combined coherently to maximize sensitivity. For the first time, pulsars within binary (or multiple) systems have been included in the search by taking into account the signal modulation due to their orbits. Our upper limits are therefore the first measured for 56 of these pulsars. For the remaining 22, our results improve on previous upper limits by up to a factor of 10. For example, our tightest upper limit on the gravitational strain is 2.6×10-25 for PSR J1603-7202, and the equatorial ellipticity of PSR J2124-3358 is less than 10-6. Furthermore, our strain upper limit for the Crab pulsar is only 2.2 times greater than the fiducial spin-down limit.

AB - We present upper limits on the gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars based on data from the third and fourth science runs of the LIGO and GEO 600 gravitational wave detectors. The data from both runs have been combined coherently to maximize sensitivity. For the first time, pulsars within binary (or multiple) systems have been included in the search by taking into account the signal modulation due to their orbits. Our upper limits are therefore the first measured for 56 of these pulsars. For the remaining 22, our results improve on previous upper limits by up to a factor of 10. For example, our tightest upper limit on the gravitational strain is 2.6×10-25 for PSR J1603-7202, and the equatorial ellipticity of PSR J2124-3358 is less than 10-6. Furthermore, our strain upper limit for the Crab pulsar is only 2.2 times greater than the fiducial spin-down limit.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34547652797&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34547652797&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.76.042001

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.76.042001

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:34547652797

VL - 76

JO - Physical Review D

JF - Physical Review D

SN - 0556-2821

IS - 4

M1 - 042001

ER -