PURPOSE: To determine the changes in the expression of pigment epithelium-derived factor in cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells and rat retinas after laser photocoagulation. METHODS: Experimental study of laser photocoagulation on human retinal pigment epithelial cells in culture and on adult rats. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis were used. RESULTS: After photocoagulation, the mRNA expression of pigment epithelium-derived factor was upregulated in human retinal pigment epithelial cells at 6 hours and then gradually decreased. Compared with controls, significantly higher levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor were observed in rat retinas from 6 to 24 hours after laser photocoagulation (P < .005), and they were still higher than before photocoagulation at 2 weeks. CONCLUSION: An upregulation of pigment epithelium-derived factor in retinal pigment epithelial cells and in the retina after photocoagulation suggests that pigment epithelium-derived factor plays a role in inhibiting neovascularization by its antiangiogenic activity.
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