In chicken (Gallus domesticus) embryos, a limited amount of yolk engulfment occurs via coated invaginations at the yolk sac membrane apical surface. Because the presence of these so-called 'coated pits' is associated with receptor-mediated endocytosis, the purpose of the present study was to demonstrate the existence on the yolk sac membrane of receptor sites for the interaction with very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), the major component of egg yolk. Ligand blotting experiments revealed the presence of a VLDL- binding protein (M(r) ~ 95 kDa) in yolk sac membranes of both chicken and Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) embryos 8 days of age and older. However, these VLDL-binding proteins were present in very low abundance relative to that of another apolipoprotein B receptor that is found in the plasma membrane of chicken and quail oocytes (the so-called oocyte vitellogenesis receptor [OVR]; M(r) 95 kDa). Furthermore, no signals were detected when chicken and quail yolk sac membrane proteins were probed with a rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against the 14 C-terminal amino acids of the chicken OVR. It was concluded that chicken and quail yolk sac membrane VLDL-binding proteins were structurally different from the chicken OVR and that receptor-mediated endocytosis plays a minor role in the uptake of yolk VLDL by developing avian embryos.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology