Urban park and forest participation and landscape preference: A review of the relevant literature

William F. Elmendorf, Fern K. Willits, Vivod Sasidharan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Scopus citations


Blacks and Whites are important users of urban parks and forests, and race continues to be an important factor in urban park and forest participation and landscape preference. African Americans, more than Whites, prefer developed facilities and services; Whites more likely than Blacks prefer undeveloped and more nature-based settings. It is also reasonable to assume that racial discrimination can exist in the landscapes of urban parks and forests and affect decision making and participation. Urban forests and parks can be planned, managed, and maintained to foster diversity of racial and ethnic participation and relationships much in the same way they can foster biological diversity among flora and fauna. Today, it is vital for urban foresters and arborists to understand and respond to differences in the participations and expectations of these diverse users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-317
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Arboriculture
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2005


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Ecology

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