Management of a difficult paediatric airway is challenging, and the unavailability of a paediatric fibreoptic bronchoscope, a common limitation in developing countries, adds to these difficulties. Children with bilateral temporomandibular joint ankylosis have limited mouth opening and therefore direct laryngoscopy and intubation is not usually possible. In the absence of sophisticated fibreoptic equipment, blind nasal intubation remains the only non-surgical option for control of the airway. Blind nasal intubation in paediatric anaesthesia is difficult. We describe a novel method of blind nasal intubation in paediatric patients using a gum elastic bougie. We have used this method successfully in three patients in whom tracheal intubation using a conventional blind nasal approach was unsuccessful. In view of its reliability and the absence of any soft tissue injury, we propose the use of this novel technique as an alternative to conventional blind nasal intubation, when more sophisticated fibreoptic equipment is not available.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine