Use of an epiphytic moss to biomonitor pollutant levels in southwestern Pennsylvania

Donald Durwood Davis, James R. McClenahen, Russell J. Hutnik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A native epiphytic moss (Dicranum montanum Hedw.) growing on the trunks of northern red oak trees (Quercus rubra L.) was utilized to biomonitor atmospheric deposition within a mixed-hardwood forest along a ridgetop in southwestern Pennsylvania. Factor analysis and analysis of means revealed a location-related chemical signature in the forest moss that was spatially associated with local industrial/urban emissions, and especially with the metals/transition metals As, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mo, Ni, Pb, and Zn. This study documented the usefulness of D. montanum as a biomonitor for pollutant deposition, the utilization of epiphytic stem mosses in capturing stemflow pollutants, and provides a baseline dataset for monitoring relative changes in emissions/ depositions in the study area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-392
Number of pages14
JournalNortheastern Naturalist
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Fingerprint

moss
mosses and liverworts
Quercus rubra
pollutants
transition elements
stemflow
atmospheric deposition
hardwood forests
transition element
mixed forests
mixed forest
factor analysis
tree trunk
metals
stem
stems
pollutant
monitoring
metal
pollutant level

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Davis, Donald Durwood ; McClenahen, James R. ; Hutnik, Russell J. / Use of an epiphytic moss to biomonitor pollutant levels in southwestern Pennsylvania. In: Northeastern Naturalist. 2001 ; Vol. 8, No. 4. pp. 379-392.
@article{e9967e172b0a4cf1b7235bab2c79c4d5,
title = "Use of an epiphytic moss to biomonitor pollutant levels in southwestern Pennsylvania",
abstract = "A native epiphytic moss (Dicranum montanum Hedw.) growing on the trunks of northern red oak trees (Quercus rubra L.) was utilized to biomonitor atmospheric deposition within a mixed-hardwood forest along a ridgetop in southwestern Pennsylvania. Factor analysis and analysis of means revealed a location-related chemical signature in the forest moss that was spatially associated with local industrial/urban emissions, and especially with the metals/transition metals As, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mo, Ni, Pb, and Zn. This study documented the usefulness of D. montanum as a biomonitor for pollutant deposition, the utilization of epiphytic stem mosses in capturing stemflow pollutants, and provides a baseline dataset for monitoring relative changes in emissions/ depositions in the study area.",
author = "Davis, {Donald Durwood} and McClenahen, {James R.} and Hutnik, {Russell J.}",
year = "2001",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1656/1092-6194(2001)008[0379:UOAEMT]2.0.CO;2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "379--392",
journal = "Northeastern Naturalist",
issn = "1092-6194",
publisher = "Humboldt Field Research Institute",
number = "4",

}

Use of an epiphytic moss to biomonitor pollutant levels in southwestern Pennsylvania. / Davis, Donald Durwood; McClenahen, James R.; Hutnik, Russell J.

In: Northeastern Naturalist, Vol. 8, No. 4, 01.01.2001, p. 379-392.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Use of an epiphytic moss to biomonitor pollutant levels in southwestern Pennsylvania

AU - Davis, Donald Durwood

AU - McClenahen, James R.

AU - Hutnik, Russell J.

PY - 2001/1/1

Y1 - 2001/1/1

N2 - A native epiphytic moss (Dicranum montanum Hedw.) growing on the trunks of northern red oak trees (Quercus rubra L.) was utilized to biomonitor atmospheric deposition within a mixed-hardwood forest along a ridgetop in southwestern Pennsylvania. Factor analysis and analysis of means revealed a location-related chemical signature in the forest moss that was spatially associated with local industrial/urban emissions, and especially with the metals/transition metals As, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mo, Ni, Pb, and Zn. This study documented the usefulness of D. montanum as a biomonitor for pollutant deposition, the utilization of epiphytic stem mosses in capturing stemflow pollutants, and provides a baseline dataset for monitoring relative changes in emissions/ depositions in the study area.

AB - A native epiphytic moss (Dicranum montanum Hedw.) growing on the trunks of northern red oak trees (Quercus rubra L.) was utilized to biomonitor atmospheric deposition within a mixed-hardwood forest along a ridgetop in southwestern Pennsylvania. Factor analysis and analysis of means revealed a location-related chemical signature in the forest moss that was spatially associated with local industrial/urban emissions, and especially with the metals/transition metals As, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mo, Ni, Pb, and Zn. This study documented the usefulness of D. montanum as a biomonitor for pollutant deposition, the utilization of epiphytic stem mosses in capturing stemflow pollutants, and provides a baseline dataset for monitoring relative changes in emissions/ depositions in the study area.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0009798668&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0009798668&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1656/1092-6194(2001)008[0379:UOAEMT]2.0.CO;2

DO - 10.1656/1092-6194(2001)008[0379:UOAEMT]2.0.CO;2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0009798668

VL - 8

SP - 379

EP - 392

JO - Northeastern Naturalist

JF - Northeastern Naturalist

SN - 1092-6194

IS - 4

ER -