Use of carbon mesh anodes and the effect of different pretreatment methods on power production in microbial fuel cells

Xin Wang, Shaoan Cheng, Yujie Feng, Matthew D. Merrill, Tomonori Saito, Bruce Ernest Logan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

348 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flat electrodes are useful in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) as close electrode spacing improves power generation. Carbon cloth and carbon paper materials typically used in hydrogen fuel cells, however, are prohibitively expensive for use in MFCs. An inexpensive carbon mesh material was examined here as a substantially less expensive alternative to these materials for the anode in an MFC. Pretreatment of the carbon mesh was needed to ensure adequate MFC performance. Heating the carbon mesh in a muffle furnace (450°C for 30 min) resulted in a maximum power density of 922 mW/m2 (46 W/m3) with this heat-treated anode, which was 3% more power than that produced using a mesh anode cleaned with acetone (893 mW/m2; 45 W/m3). This power density with heating was only 7% less than that achieved with carbon cloth treated by a high temperature ammonia gas process (988 mW/m2; 49 W/m3). When the carbon mesh was treated by the ammonia gas process, powerincreased to 1015 mW/m2 (51 W/m3). Analysis of the cleaned or heated surfaces showed these processes decreased atomic O/C ratio, indicating removal of contaminants that interfered with charge transfer. Ammonia gas treatment also increased the atomic N/C ratio, suggesting that this process produced nitrogen related functional groups that facilitated electron transfer. These results show that low cost heat-treated carbon mesh materials can be used as the anode in an MFC, providing good performance and even exceeding performance of carbon cloth anodes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6870-6874
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume43
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

Fingerprint

Microbial fuel cells
fuel cell
Anodes
Carbon
carbon
Ammonia
ammonia
Gases
electrode
gas
heating
method
effect
Heating
Electrodes
Hydrogen fuels
Acetone
acetone
power generation
Functional groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Wang, Xin ; Cheng, Shaoan ; Feng, Yujie ; Merrill, Matthew D. ; Saito, Tomonori ; Logan, Bruce Ernest. / Use of carbon mesh anodes and the effect of different pretreatment methods on power production in microbial fuel cells. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2009 ; Vol. 43, No. 17. pp. 6870-6874.
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Use of carbon mesh anodes and the effect of different pretreatment methods on power production in microbial fuel cells. / Wang, Xin; Cheng, Shaoan; Feng, Yujie; Merrill, Matthew D.; Saito, Tomonori; Logan, Bruce Ernest.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 43, No. 17, 01.09.2009, p. 6870-6874.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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