The potential of six industrial by-products for use as phosphorus-sorbing materials (PSMs) in solutions was evaluated. These included two different acid mine drainage treatment residuals (AMDR1 and AMDR2), water treatment residual (WTR), fly ash, bauxite mining residual, and flue gas desulfurization product (FGD). Characterization of the by-products and their mechanisms for sorption and retention of inorganic phosphorus (P) from solution identified those PSMs that sorbed primarily by an iron and aluminum (Fe/Al) mechanism, those that sorbed primarily by a calcium and magnesium (Ca/Mg) mechanism, and those that sorbed by both mechanisms. Degree of P sorption and associated mechanisms were strongly influenced by the pH, buffer capacity, ionic strength, and common ion effects.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Soil Science