Use of perphenazine to control cannibalism in DBA/1 mice

D. Bart Carter, Mary J. Kennett, Craig L. Franklin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


Maternal administration of perphenazine decreased the incidence of cannibalism in colonies of interferon-y, interleukin (IL-4, IL-10, and IL-12) knockout mice of the DBA/1 and C57BL/6 background strains. This colony had high incidence of neonatal death due to cannibalism in approximately 50% of the pups. Perphenazine was administered to the dams in the drinking water, beginning on the day before or the morning of parturition. The medicated water was supplied at two dosages: 0.5 mg/ml and 0.025 mg/ml, resulting in a dosage of 4 mg/kg of body weight and 2 mg/kg, respectively, to the dams. Dams that were treated with perphenazine weaned 76.4% of their pups, compared with non-treated dams that weaned only 59.4% of their pups. Timing of the administration of perphenazine did not have a significant impact on efficacy; also, both doses were equally effective at preventing cannibalism. These findings indicate that perphenazine can modify poor maternal behavior such as cannibalism, resulting in more efficient production of valuable knockout mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)452-455
Number of pages4
JournalComparative Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2002


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Carter, D. B., Kennett, M. J., & Franklin, C. L. (2002). Use of perphenazine to control cannibalism in DBA/1 mice. Comparative Medicine, 52(5), 452-455.