Use of survival analysis to determine the postincubation time-to-death of papaya due to yellow crinkle disease in Australia

Paul D. Esker, Karen S. Gibb, Anna Padovan, Philip M. Dixon, Forrest W. Nutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The current management recommendation for papaya (Carica papaya) plants exhibiting symptoms of yellow crinkle disease in Australia is the practice of ratooning infected plants. Ratooning involves removing the main stem of diseased papaya plants and allowing a lateral stem (supposedly pathogen-free) to develop and replace the diseased stem. Using nonparametric and parametric methods of survival analysis, we tested different hypotheses regarding plant factors that may influence the postincubation period survival time of phytoplasma-infected papaya. The factors included plant age, the season (wet versus dry) when papaya plants first became symptomatic, and the two predominant phytoplasma strains causing papaya yellow crinkle: tomato big bud (TBB) or sweet potato little leaf strain V4 (SPLL-V4). Median survival time was estimated to be from 4 to 5 months. Therefore, we estimated that the infectious period (incubation period plus the period from postincubation to time-to-death period) of infected papaya ranges from 6 to 9 months. Using parametric accelerated failure modeling and nonparametric Cox proportional hazard modeling, no significant improvement from a null model (no covariates) was found when analyzing plant age, the season a plant was observed to be symptomatic, or phytoplasma strain. However, the season in which a papaya plant became symptomatic differed between the two phytoplasma strains, indicating that the TBB and SPLL-V4 strains may have different modes of insect acquisition and transmission. Because of the long infectious period and the rate of plant-to-plant spread, we question the use of ratooning as the primary management tactic for managing papaya yellow crinkle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-107
Number of pages6
JournalPlant disease
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Use of survival analysis to determine the postincubation time-to-death of papaya due to yellow crinkle disease in Australia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this