Use of vasopressin in neonatal intensive care unit patients with hypotension

Mengwei Ni, Jeffrey R. Kaiser, Brady S. Moffett, Christopher J. Rhee, Jennifer Placencia, Kimberly L. Dinh, Joseph L. Hagan, Danielle R. Rios

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of vasopressin for the treatment of hypotension in patients admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS Vasopressin use in 69 infants admitted to our NICU between 2011 and 2014 was examined. Data evaluated included demographics; serum creatinine, sodium, and lactate concentrations; urine output; and systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressures (BPs). Parameters prior to vasopressin use were compared to those at maximum dose. RESULTS Vasopressin use was associated with increased urine output (p < 0.05), and increased systolic (p < 0.0005), diastolic (p < 0.01), and mean (p < 0.001) BP. There were no differences in sodium or lactate concentrations before vs during infusion; vasopressin use was not associated with hyponatremia (sodium < 130 mEq/L) at the maximum dose. CONCLUSIONS Vasopressin for the treatment of neonatal hypotension appears safe and was efficacious in raising BP. These data suggest that vasopressin could be considered a viable option in the treatment regimen in hypotensive infants in the NICU.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-435
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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