Using building energy simulation and geospatial analysis to determine building and transportation related energy use

Ebrahim Karan, Somayeh Asadi, Atefeh Mohammadpour, Mehrzad V. Yousefi, David Riley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), building and transportation sectors account for approximately 75% of CO2 emissions. Given the magnitude of this statistic, many studies have been directed towards the issue of energy use and carbon emissions of the built environment. Most of these studies however, have focused only on either buildings or transportation systems. To analyze the dynamics of energy use associated with buildings and transportation systems, it is essential to explore the interactions between these two sectors in a single comprehensive model. This paper develops a network infrastructure model to determine the transportation energy intensity of a building as well as building energy consumption based on the residents' lifestyle. The proposed model is developed using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) to identify the current trends in energy use associated with people behavior and infrastructure (buildings and transportation networks). BIM is used as a life cycle inventory to model and collect building-related information and material quantities, and GIS is used to define geo-referenced locations, storing attribute data, and displaying data on maps. The main input to the model would be characteristics of buildings and transportation networks, and socioeconomic data (population dynamics) collected from a survey. The model then generates the energy and carbon implications of the network in the form of a map.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComputing in Civil Engineering 2015 - Proceedings of the 2015 International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering
EditorsWilliam J. O'Brien, Simone Ponticelli
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages580-587
Number of pages8
EditionJanuary
ISBN (Electronic)9780784479247
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Event2015 ASCE International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering, IWCCE 2015 - Austin, United States
Duration: Jun 21 2015Jun 23 2015

Publication series

NameCongress on Computing in Civil Engineering, Proceedings
NumberJanuary
Volume2015-January

Other

Other2015 ASCE International Workshop on Computing in Civil Engineering, IWCCE 2015
CountryUnited States
CityAustin
Period6/21/156/23/15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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