Using data science to evaluate nano-reinforced epoxy surfaces

Jonathan Theim, Daniel P. Cole, Utkarsh Dubey, Ashutosh Srivastava, Chowdhury Ashraf, Todd C. Henry, Charles E. Bakis, Aniruddh Yashisth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Toughened composites reinforced with nanofillers show improved mechanical performance such as increased abrasion resistance, fracture toughness, and fracture energy. The degree of these improvements is influenced by the degree of dispersion of the nanofillers which can be analyzed using force microscopy (AFM), a technique that allows for mapping the local height and elastic modulus of a surface. However, current AFM apparatuses can only measure a narrow range of moduli according to the type of tip, which complicates the full-field measurement of moduli in nanocomposites with nanosilica (~72 GPa) embedded in epoxy (0.1 – 5 GPa). Moreover, height mapping can only visualize filler particles exposed at the surface. These limitations make it challenging to determine the 3D location of nanoparticles near the surface of a composite. To overcome these limitations of conventional AFM, we used a combination of data science, micromechanics, and experimental data from AFM to locate the centroidal position of nanosilica (NS) particles relative to the surrounding epoxy surface. Using finite element simulations, a theoretical dataset of modulus values as a function of particle position relative to the epoxy surface was created as a training set. Bayesian optimization determines the “best” particle position that results in minimum error between simulated and experimental modulus contours. The algorithm returns the 3D position of the fully or partially embedded NS particle relative to the epoxy surface. The algorithm has shown the ability to partially produce simulated modulus contours that resemble the experimental modulus contours.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication36th Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2021
Subtitle of host publicationComposites Ingenuity Taking on Challenges in Environment-Energy-Economy, ASC 2021
EditorsOzden Ochoa
PublisherDEStech Publications
Pages965-979
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781713837596
StatePublished - 2021
Event36th Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2021: Composites Ingenuity Taking on Challenges in Environment-Energy-Economy, ASC 2021 - College Station, Virtual, United States
Duration: Sep 20 2021Sep 22 2021

Publication series

Name36th Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2021: Composites Ingenuity Taking on Challenges in Environment-Energy-Economy, ASC 2021
Volume2

Conference

Conference36th Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites 2021: Composites Ingenuity Taking on Challenges in Environment-Energy-Economy, ASC 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityCollege Station, Virtual
Period9/20/219/22/21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites

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