Two separate numerical model ensembles are created by using model configuration with different model physical process parameterization schemes and identical initial conditions, and by using different model initial conditions from a Monte Carlo approach and the identical model configuration. Simulation from these two ensembles are investigated for two 48-h periods during which large, long-lived mesoscale convective systems develop. These two period are chosen because, in some respects, they span the range of convective forecast the large-scale forcing for upward motion is weak. When the large-scale forcing for upward motion is strong, the initial-condition ensemble is more skillful than the model physics ensemble. This result is consistent with the expectation that model physics play a larger role in model simulation when the large-scale signals is weak and the assumptions used within the model parameterization schemes largely determine the evolution of the simulated weather events. The variance from the ensembles is created at significantly different rates, with the varience in the physics ensemble being produced two to six times faster during the first 12 h than the variance in the initial-condition ensemble. Therefore, within a very brief time period, the variance from the physics esemble often greatly exceeds that produced by the initial-condition ensemble. These results suggest that varying the model physics is a potentially powerful method to use in creating an ensemble. In essence, by using different model configurations, the systematic errors of the individual ensemble members are different and, hence, this may allow one to determine a probability density function from this ensemble that is more diffuse than can be accomplished using a single model configuration.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||31|
|Journal||Monthly Weather Review|
|Issue number||7 I|
|State||Published - Jul 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atmospheric Science