Using MIMO transmissions in free space optical communications in presence of clouds and turbulence

Zeinab Hajjarian, Mohsen Kavehrad

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Free Space Optical (FSO) communications is the only viable solution for creating a three-dimensional global communications grid of inter-connected ground and airborne nodes. The high amount of data exchange between satellites and ground stations demands enormous capacity that can not be provided by strictly regulated, scarce resources of the Radio Frequency (RF) spectrum. Free Space Optical (FSO) communications, on the other hand, has the potential for providing virtually unlimited bandwidth. Furthermore, due to the spatial confinement of laser beams, such links are very secure. In other words, security is guaranteed at the physical layer. However, the promised enormous data rates are only available under clear weather conditions, and atmospheric phenomena such as clouds, fog, and even turbulence can degrade the performance, dramatically. While scattering media such as clouds and aerosols cause pulse broadening in space and time, turbulence presents itself as scintillation and fading. Hence, to exploit the great potential of FSO at its best under all weather conditions, prudent measures must be taken in the design of transmitter and receiver. More specifically, multiple transmitters and receivers can be used to de-correlate the turbulence induced fading and to compensate for pulse attenuation and broadening caused by scattering. In this paper, Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) transmitter and receiver designs in FSO communications are investigated and the achievable performance improvements are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number71990V
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume7199
DOIs
StatePublished - May 25 2009
EventFree-Space Laser Communication Technologies XXI - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 28 2009Jan 29 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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