Using sers to understand the binding of n-heterocyclic carbenes to gold surfaces

Michael J. Trujillo, Shelby L. Strausser, Jeffrey C. Becca, Joseph F. Dejesus, Lasse Jensen, David M. Jenkins, Jon P. Camden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Surface functionalization is an essential component of most applications of noble-metal surfaces. Thiols and amines are traditionally employed to attach molecules to noble-metal surfaces, but they have limitations. A growing body of research, however, suggests that N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) can be readily employed for surface functionalization with superior chemical stability compared with thiols. We demonstrate the power of surface-enhanced Raman scattering combined with theory to present a comprehensive picture of NHC binding to gold surfaces. In particular, we synthesize a library of NHC isotopologues and use surface-enhanced Raman scattering to record the vibrational spectra of these NHCs while bound to gold surfaces. Our experimental data are compared with first-principles theory, yielding numerous new insights into the binding of NHCs to gold surfaces. In addition to these insights, we expect our approach to be a general method for probing the local surface properties of NHC-functionalized surfaces for their expanding use in sensing applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6779-6785
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume9
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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