Using torsional vibration analysis as a synergistic method for crack detection in rotating equipment

Mitchell S. Lebold, Kenneth Maynard, Karl Reichard, Martin Trethewey, Dennis Bieryla, Clifford Lissenden, David Dobbins

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A non-intrusive torsional vibration method for monitoring and tracking small changes in crack growth of reactor coolant pump shafts is presented in this paper. This method resolves and tracks characteristic changes in the natural torsional vibration frequencies that are associated with shaft crack propagation. The focus of this effort is to develop and apply the torsional vibration shaft cracking monitoring technique on a Westinghouse 93A reactor coolant pump. While this technique is being applied to reactor coolant pumps it is generally applicable to many types of rotating equipment, including centrifugal charging pumps, condensate and feed water pumps, and may be used to detect and track changes in blade natural frequencies in gas or steam turbines. A laboratory scale rotor test bed was developed to investigate shaft cracking detection techniques under controlled conditions. The test bed provides a mechanism to evaluate sensing technologies and algorithm development. For accurate knowledge of the crack characteristics (crack depth and front), a sample shaft was seeded with a crack that was propagated using a three-point bending process. Following each crack growth step, the specimen was evaluated using ultrasonic inspection techniques for crack characterization. After inspection, the shaft was inserted in the rotor test bed for analysis and to track changes in shaft torsional vibration features. The torsional vibration measurement method has demonstrated the ability to reliably detect changes in the first natural shaft frequency in the range of 0.1 to 0.2 Hz. This technique shows the potential to enable online structural health diagnostics and ultimately the prevention of shaft or even possibly blade failure due to crack growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2004 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings
Pages3517-3526
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004
Event2004 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings - Big Sky, MT, United States
Duration: Mar 6 2004Mar 13 2004

Publication series

NameIEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings
Volume6
ISSN (Print)1095-323X

Other

Other2004 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings
CountryUnited States
CityBig Sky, MT
Period3/6/043/13/04

Fingerprint

Crack detection
Vibration analysis
Pumps
Crack propagation
Coolants
Cracks
Rotors
Inspection
Vibration measurement
Monitoring
Steam turbines
Turbomachine blades
Vibrations (mechanical)
Gas turbines
Natural frequencies
Ultrasonics
Health
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Lebold, M. S., Maynard, K., Reichard, K., Trethewey, M., Bieryla, D., Lissenden, C., & Dobbins, D. (2004). Using torsional vibration analysis as a synergistic method for crack detection in rotating equipment. In 2004 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings (pp. 3517-3526). (IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings; Vol. 6). https://doi.org/10.1109/AERO.2004.1368168
Lebold, Mitchell S. ; Maynard, Kenneth ; Reichard, Karl ; Trethewey, Martin ; Bieryla, Dennis ; Lissenden, Clifford ; Dobbins, David. / Using torsional vibration analysis as a synergistic method for crack detection in rotating equipment. 2004 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings. 2004. pp. 3517-3526 (IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings).
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abstract = "A non-intrusive torsional vibration method for monitoring and tracking small changes in crack growth of reactor coolant pump shafts is presented in this paper. This method resolves and tracks characteristic changes in the natural torsional vibration frequencies that are associated with shaft crack propagation. The focus of this effort is to develop and apply the torsional vibration shaft cracking monitoring technique on a Westinghouse 93A reactor coolant pump. While this technique is being applied to reactor coolant pumps it is generally applicable to many types of rotating equipment, including centrifugal charging pumps, condensate and feed water pumps, and may be used to detect and track changes in blade natural frequencies in gas or steam turbines. A laboratory scale rotor test bed was developed to investigate shaft cracking detection techniques under controlled conditions. The test bed provides a mechanism to evaluate sensing technologies and algorithm development. For accurate knowledge of the crack characteristics (crack depth and front), a sample shaft was seeded with a crack that was propagated using a three-point bending process. Following each crack growth step, the specimen was evaluated using ultrasonic inspection techniques for crack characterization. After inspection, the shaft was inserted in the rotor test bed for analysis and to track changes in shaft torsional vibration features. The torsional vibration measurement method has demonstrated the ability to reliably detect changes in the first natural shaft frequency in the range of 0.1 to 0.2 Hz. This technique shows the potential to enable online structural health diagnostics and ultimately the prevention of shaft or even possibly blade failure due to crack growth.",
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Lebold, MS, Maynard, K, Reichard, K, Trethewey, M, Bieryla, D, Lissenden, C & Dobbins, D 2004, Using torsional vibration analysis as a synergistic method for crack detection in rotating equipment. in 2004 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings. IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings, vol. 6, pp. 3517-3526, 2004 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings, Big Sky, MT, United States, 3/6/04. https://doi.org/10.1109/AERO.2004.1368168

Using torsional vibration analysis as a synergistic method for crack detection in rotating equipment. / Lebold, Mitchell S.; Maynard, Kenneth; Reichard, Karl; Trethewey, Martin; Bieryla, Dennis; Lissenden, Clifford; Dobbins, David.

2004 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings. 2004. p. 3517-3526 (IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings; Vol. 6).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Lebold MS, Maynard K, Reichard K, Trethewey M, Bieryla D, Lissenden C et al. Using torsional vibration analysis as a synergistic method for crack detection in rotating equipment. In 2004 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings. 2004. p. 3517-3526. (IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1109/AERO.2004.1368168