Utility of the dexamethasone suppression test in the diagnosis of poststroke depression

S. E. Grober, W. A. Gordon, M. J. Sliwinski, M. R. Hibbard, E. G. Aletta, P. L. Paddison

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Abstract

The utility of the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) in the diagnosis of depression was examined in an outpatient sample of 29 stroke patients. Results indicated that the DST's sensitivity was 15%, its specificity was 67%, and its positive predictive value was 48%. These findings suggest that the DST yields no more information than would be gained from random assignment of the diagnosis of depression. Therefore, it is not a useful measure of mood in these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1076-1079
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume72
Issue number13
StatePublished - 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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    Grober, S. E., Gordon, W. A., Sliwinski, M. J., Hibbard, M. R., Aletta, E. G., & Paddison, P. L. (1991). Utility of the dexamethasone suppression test in the diagnosis of poststroke depression. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 72(13), 1076-1079.