Utilization of carbon dioxide from coalfired power plant for the production of value-added products

Daniel Van Niekerk, Brandie Markley, Yon Li, Victor Rodriguez-Santiago, David Thompson, Arun Ram Mohan, Derek Elsworth, Jonathan P. Mathews, Sarma V. Pisupati, Chunshan Song

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper discusses a few promising physical and chemical technologies for the utilization and conversion of CO2 from a 500 MW coal-fired power plant into viable economic products. The main areas of interest were microalgae biomass production (pond and bioreactor production), supercritical CO 2 extraction technology, fixation of CO2 into organic compounds (production of various chemical products), and trireforming of CO 2 for synthesis gas production. The value added products that can be produced from these four main technologies are: biomass (high and low grade), biomassderived products (pharmaceutical, chemical or nutritional), synthesis gas, specialty products (extracted using supercritical technology), organic carbonates (linear, cyclic or polycarbonates), carboxylates (formic acid, oxalic acid, etc), salicylic acid and urea. The method employed for CO2 utilization depends on the desired products. It can be concluded, however, that chemical conversion and tri-reforming are the leading technologies when the aim is to sequester the most possible CO2. Despite the small percentages of CO2 being utilized by biological and scCO2 technologies when compared to the total amount emitted by a 500 MW power plant, the value-added products and yield are considerable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2006
Event23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development - Pittsburgh, PA, United States
Duration: Sep 25 2006Sep 28 2006

Publication series

Name23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development

Other

Other23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh, PA
Period9/25/069/28/06

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Van Niekerk, D., Markley, B., Li, Y., Rodriguez-Santiago, V., Thompson, D., Mohan, A. R., ... Song, C. (2006). Utilization of carbon dioxide from coalfired power plant for the production of value-added products. In 23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development (23rd Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Coal-Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development).