Utilization of vehicle dynamic simulations as predictors of highway safety

Sean N. Brennan, Bridget C. Hamblin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Safety is a crucial consideration in the design of roadways, yet formal tools to study roadway safety prior to construction are often quite limited. As a possible new tool, this work investigates the iterative use of vehicle dynamic simulations to study vehicle-roadway interaction in order to optimize highway design for safety. Following a discussion of the history and accuracy of vehicle dynamic simulations, a methodology of roadway geometry analysis is presented. This methodology is demonstrated by an example scenario studying the safety of a depressed median of a rural highway when there is an in-median incursion. The vehicle type, vehicle speed, vehicle trajectory, and the driver's corrective maneuvers are all varied in a simulation-based analysis to evaluate their respective effects on vehicle behavior including vehicle orientation, trajectory, and instabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2007
Pages157-166
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2008
EventASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2007 - Seattle, WA, United States
Duration: Nov 11 2007Nov 15 2007

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings
Volume16

Other

OtherASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2007
CountryUnited States
CitySeattle, WA
Period11/11/0711/15/07

Fingerprint

Computer simulation
Trajectories
Highway engineering
Geometry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Brennan, S. N., & Hamblin, B. C. (2008). Utilization of vehicle dynamic simulations as predictors of highway safety. In Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2007 (pp. 157-166). (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings; Vol. 16). https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2007-42195
Brennan, Sean N. ; Hamblin, Bridget C. / Utilization of vehicle dynamic simulations as predictors of highway safety. Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2007. 2008. pp. 157-166 (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings).
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Brennan, SN & Hamblin, BC 2008, Utilization of vehicle dynamic simulations as predictors of highway safety. in Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2007. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings, vol. 16, pp. 157-166, ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2007, Seattle, WA, United States, 11/11/07. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2007-42195

Utilization of vehicle dynamic simulations as predictors of highway safety. / Brennan, Sean N.; Hamblin, Bridget C.

Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2007. 2008. p. 157-166 (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings; Vol. 16).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Brennan SN, Hamblin BC. Utilization of vehicle dynamic simulations as predictors of highway safety. In Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2007. 2008. p. 157-166. (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2007-42195