Purpose: One of the most effective treatments for epilepsy is resection, but it remains underutilized. Efforts must be made to increase the ease, safety, and efficacy of epilepsy resection to improve utilization. Studies have shown an improved risk profile of stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) over subdural grids (SDG) for invasive monitoring. One limitation to increased adoption of SEEG at epilepsy centers is the theoretical difficulty of planning a delayed resection once electrodes are removed. Our objective was to develop and present a technique using readily available neuronavigation technology to guide a cortical, non-lesional epilepsy resection with co-registration of imaging during invasive monitoring to imaging in an explanted patient, allowing for virtual visualization of electrodes. Methods: An example case taking advantage of the technique described above as an adjunct for an anatomically guided resection is presented with technical details and images. Results: Intraoperative neuronavigation was successfully used to virtually represent previously removed SEEG electrodes and accuracy could be easily verified by examining scars on the scalp, bone, dura and pia. Conclusions: The simple technique presented can be a useful adjunct to resection following SEEG. This may help increase the adoption of SEEG, even when resection is planned.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology