Diffusivity of interstitial oxygen (O) in bcc iron (Fe) with and without the effect of vacancy has been investigated in terms of first-principles calculations within the framework of transition state theory. Examination of migration pathway and phonon results indicates that O in octahedral interstice is always energetically favorable (minimum energy) with and without vacancy. It is found that vacancy possesses an extremely high affinity for O in bcc Fe, increasing dramatically the energy barrier (~80%) for O migration, and in turn, making the predicted diffusion coefficient of O in bcc Fe in favorable accord with experiments.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Science(all)