Vaccination with streptococcal extracellular cysteine protease (interleukin-1β convertase) protects mice against challenge with heterologous group A streptococci

Vivek Kapur, Joanne T. Maffei, Rebecca S. Greer, Ling Ling Li, Gerald J. Adams, James M. Musser

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Abstract

Virtually all clinical isolates of group A streptococci secrete a highly conserved extracellular cysteine protease that cleaves human fibronectin and vitronectin, and converts IL-1β precursor to biologically active IL-1β. Based on the high degree of gene conservation within the species and its role in host pathogenicity, it was postulated that antibodies to the cysteine protease would confer protective immunity against S. pyogenes infection. To test this hypothesis, Swiss CD1 mice were intraperitoneally administered either saline, rabbit IgG, or IgG from rabbits immunized with the protease, and challenged with a highly virulent (minimum lethal dose ∼ 10 cfu) clinical isolate of S. pyogenes expressing a heterologous cysteine protease. The results indicate that mice administered IgG from rabbits immunized with purified cysteine protease had significantly enhanced survival when compared with mice given either non-specific rabbit IgG (log rank test; χ2; p = 0.0195) or saline (log rank test; χ2; p = 0.0002). Moreover, mice actively immunized with the cysteine protease had a significantly longer time to death than the control group (log rank test; χ2; p = 0.0418). The results show that the cysteine protease elicits non-type-specific immunity to challenge with heterologous S. pyogenes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-450
Number of pages8
JournalMicrobial Pathogenesis
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1994

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases

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