Validation of flux chamber technique for estimating gas emission in situ from naturally-ventilated facilities

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many agricultural enterprises use naturally-ventilated animal housing and manure storage facilities, where it is difficult to accurately monitor emissions along large open sidewalls. Another approach to field measurement of gaseous emissions from naturally-ventilated facilities lies in measuring the gas as it volatizes from the source by means of enclosed flux chambers located over the manure. The objectives of this work were: (1) To develop a barn-rugged, portable non-steady-state flux chamber system with uniform internal, horizontal air flow for in situ measurement of ammonia emissions from manured surfaces; and (2) To validate this measuring system by comparing flux chamber emission rates from dairy cow manure with whole building emission rates, calculated from the ammonia mass balance in an experimental room The average disagreement for the two methods of estimating ammonia emission flux from manure over 54 measurements was 32% (SE 3%). The magnitude of emission rate from the approximately 68 kg (150 lb) of fresh dairy manure having a surface area of 7.4 m2 (80 ft 2) was 49 mg NH3/min (standard error [SE] 2.2) for the flux chamber method and 66 mg NH3/min (SE 2.7) for the ammonia mass balance on the room for a 26% underestimation of the emission rate by the flux chamber. Accuracy of the flux chamber with the recirculation flow method is comparable to that reported in the literature for other available methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007
EventInternational Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture - Broomfield, CO, United States
Duration: Sep 16 2007Sep 19 2007

Other

OtherInternational Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture
CountryUnited States
CityBroomfield, CO
Period9/16/079/19/07

Fingerprint

flux chamber
gas emissions
Gas emissions
Manures
Fluxes
ammonia
manure
gas
Ammonia
animal manures
Dairies
dairy manure
methodology
mass balance
manure storage
animal housing
in situ
barns
air flow
in situ measurement

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Fabian, E., Topper, P. A., & Richard, T. L. (2007). Validation of flux chamber technique for estimating gas emission in situ from naturally-ventilated facilities. Paper presented at International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture, Broomfield, CO, United States.
Fabian, Eileen ; Topper, Patrick A. ; Richard, Thomas Lehman. / Validation of flux chamber technique for estimating gas emission in situ from naturally-ventilated facilities. Paper presented at International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture, Broomfield, CO, United States.
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title = "Validation of flux chamber technique for estimating gas emission in situ from naturally-ventilated facilities",
abstract = "Many agricultural enterprises use naturally-ventilated animal housing and manure storage facilities, where it is difficult to accurately monitor emissions along large open sidewalls. Another approach to field measurement of gaseous emissions from naturally-ventilated facilities lies in measuring the gas as it volatizes from the source by means of enclosed flux chambers located over the manure. The objectives of this work were: (1) To develop a barn-rugged, portable non-steady-state flux chamber system with uniform internal, horizontal air flow for in situ measurement of ammonia emissions from manured surfaces; and (2) To validate this measuring system by comparing flux chamber emission rates from dairy cow manure with whole building emission rates, calculated from the ammonia mass balance in an experimental room The average disagreement for the two methods of estimating ammonia emission flux from manure over 54 measurements was 32{\%} (SE 3{\%}). The magnitude of emission rate from the approximately 68 kg (150 lb) of fresh dairy manure having a surface area of 7.4 m2 (80 ft 2) was 49 mg NH3/min (standard error [SE] 2.2) for the flux chamber method and 66 mg NH3/min (SE 2.7) for the ammonia mass balance on the room for a 26{\%} underestimation of the emission rate by the flux chamber. Accuracy of the flux chamber with the recirculation flow method is comparable to that reported in the literature for other available methods.",
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Fabian, E, Topper, PA & Richard, TL 2007, 'Validation of flux chamber technique for estimating gas emission in situ from naturally-ventilated facilities' Paper presented at International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture, Broomfield, CO, United States, 9/16/07 - 9/19/07, .

Validation of flux chamber technique for estimating gas emission in situ from naturally-ventilated facilities. / Fabian, Eileen; Topper, Patrick A.; Richard, Thomas Lehman.

2007. Paper presented at International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture, Broomfield, CO, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AU - Richard, Thomas Lehman

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N2 - Many agricultural enterprises use naturally-ventilated animal housing and manure storage facilities, where it is difficult to accurately monitor emissions along large open sidewalls. Another approach to field measurement of gaseous emissions from naturally-ventilated facilities lies in measuring the gas as it volatizes from the source by means of enclosed flux chambers located over the manure. The objectives of this work were: (1) To develop a barn-rugged, portable non-steady-state flux chamber system with uniform internal, horizontal air flow for in situ measurement of ammonia emissions from manured surfaces; and (2) To validate this measuring system by comparing flux chamber emission rates from dairy cow manure with whole building emission rates, calculated from the ammonia mass balance in an experimental room The average disagreement for the two methods of estimating ammonia emission flux from manure over 54 measurements was 32% (SE 3%). The magnitude of emission rate from the approximately 68 kg (150 lb) of fresh dairy manure having a surface area of 7.4 m2 (80 ft 2) was 49 mg NH3/min (standard error [SE] 2.2) for the flux chamber method and 66 mg NH3/min (SE 2.7) for the ammonia mass balance on the room for a 26% underestimation of the emission rate by the flux chamber. Accuracy of the flux chamber with the recirculation flow method is comparable to that reported in the literature for other available methods.

AB - Many agricultural enterprises use naturally-ventilated animal housing and manure storage facilities, where it is difficult to accurately monitor emissions along large open sidewalls. Another approach to field measurement of gaseous emissions from naturally-ventilated facilities lies in measuring the gas as it volatizes from the source by means of enclosed flux chambers located over the manure. The objectives of this work were: (1) To develop a barn-rugged, portable non-steady-state flux chamber system with uniform internal, horizontal air flow for in situ measurement of ammonia emissions from manured surfaces; and (2) To validate this measuring system by comparing flux chamber emission rates from dairy cow manure with whole building emission rates, calculated from the ammonia mass balance in an experimental room The average disagreement for the two methods of estimating ammonia emission flux from manure over 54 measurements was 32% (SE 3%). The magnitude of emission rate from the approximately 68 kg (150 lb) of fresh dairy manure having a surface area of 7.4 m2 (80 ft 2) was 49 mg NH3/min (standard error [SE] 2.2) for the flux chamber method and 66 mg NH3/min (SE 2.7) for the ammonia mass balance on the room for a 26% underestimation of the emission rate by the flux chamber. Accuracy of the flux chamber with the recirculation flow method is comparable to that reported in the literature for other available methods.

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Fabian E, Topper PA, Richard TL. Validation of flux chamber technique for estimating gas emission in situ from naturally-ventilated facilities. 2007. Paper presented at International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture, Broomfield, CO, United States.