The iron(II)- and 2-(oxo)glutarate-dependent (Fe/2OG) oxygenases catalyze an array of challenging transformations via a common iron(IV)-oxo (ferryl) intermediate, which in most cases abstracts hydrogen (H•) from an aliphatic carbon of the substrate. Although it has been shown that the relative disposition of the Fe-O and C-H bonds can control the rate of H• abstraction and fate of the resultant substrate radical, there remains a paucity of structural information on the actual ferryl states, owing to their high reactivity. We demonstrate here that the stable vanadyl ion [(VIV-oxo)2+] binds along with 2OG or its decarboxylation product, succinate, in the active site of two different Fe/2OG enzymes to faithfully mimic their transient ferryl states. Both ferryl and vanadyl complexes of the Fe/2OG halogenase, SyrB2, remain stably bound to its carrier protein substrate (l-aminoacyl-S-SyrB1), whereas the corresponding complexes harboring transition metals (Fe, Mn) in lower oxidation states dissociate. In the well-studied taurine:2OG dioxygenase (TauD), the disposition of the substrate C-H bond relative to the vanadyl ion defined by pulse electron paramagnetic resonance methods is consistent with the crystal structure of the reactant complex and computational models of the ferryl state. Vanadyl substitution may thus afford access to structural details of the key ferryl intermediates in this important enzyme class.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry