Variability in soman toxicity in the rat

Correlation with biochemical and behavioral measures

V. R. Jimmerson, T. M. Shih, Richard Mailman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The inhibition of cholinesterase (ChE) activity in the central nervous system of the rat by the potent organophosphorus compound soman was examined. At soman does greater than 55 μg/kg s.c. (0.5 LD50), there were: (1) dose-related inhibition of ChE activity in brain regions; (2) variability in the degree of ChE inhibition at each soman dose in each brain region; and (3) variability in the severity of signs of intoxication at each dose. These data suggest that measurements of ChE should be made directly or predicted individually in each animal for which the effects of soman are assessed. At the estimated ED50 soman dose for signs of intoxication (66 μg/kg s.c.), the remaining ChE activity in brain correlated poorly with ChE activity in plasma and red blood cells (R = 0.14-0.20), moderately with behavioral scores based on overt signs of intoxication (R = 0.63-0.94), and wellwith spinal cord ChE activity (R = 0.93-0.98). Finally, ChE activity in the thoracic and lumbosacral regions of spinal cord were not affected by head- focused microwave inactivation of brain enzymes, demonstrating that ChE activity in these regions of the cord can be used to predict the level of ChE inhibition in brain when direct measurement in brain is unfeasible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-254
Number of pages14
JournalToxicology
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

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Soman
Cholinesterases
Toxicity
Rats
Brain
Spinal Cord
Organophosphorus Compounds
Lumbosacral Region
Lethal Dose 50
Neurology
Microwaves
Animals
Blood
Thorax
Central Nervous System
Erythrocytes
Head
Cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology

Cite this

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abstract = "The inhibition of cholinesterase (ChE) activity in the central nervous system of the rat by the potent organophosphorus compound soman was examined. At soman does greater than 55 μg/kg s.c. (0.5 LD50), there were: (1) dose-related inhibition of ChE activity in brain regions; (2) variability in the degree of ChE inhibition at each soman dose in each brain region; and (3) variability in the severity of signs of intoxication at each dose. These data suggest that measurements of ChE should be made directly or predicted individually in each animal for which the effects of soman are assessed. At the estimated ED50 soman dose for signs of intoxication (66 μg/kg s.c.), the remaining ChE activity in brain correlated poorly with ChE activity in plasma and red blood cells (R = 0.14-0.20), moderately with behavioral scores based on overt signs of intoxication (R = 0.63-0.94), and wellwith spinal cord ChE activity (R = 0.93-0.98). Finally, ChE activity in the thoracic and lumbosacral regions of spinal cord were not affected by head- focused microwave inactivation of brain enzymes, demonstrating that ChE activity in these regions of the cord can be used to predict the level of ChE inhibition in brain when direct measurement in brain is unfeasible.",
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Variability in soman toxicity in the rat : Correlation with biochemical and behavioral measures. / Jimmerson, V. R.; Shih, T. M.; Mailman, Richard.

In: Toxicology, Vol. 57, No. 3, 01.01.1989, p. 241-254.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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