Aim: To present a compendium of off-ladder alleles and other genotyping irregularities relating to rare/unexpected population genetic variation, observed in a large short tandem repeat (STR) database from Bosnia and Serbia. Methods: DNA was extracted from blood stain cards relating to reference samples from a population of 32 800 individuals from Bosnia and Serbia, and typed using Promega's PowerPlex® 16 STR kit. Results: There were 31 distinct off-ladder alleles were observed in 10 of the 15 STR loci amplified from the PowerPlex® 16 STR kit. Of these 31 alleles, 3 have not been previously reported. Furthermore, 16 instances of triallelic patterns were observed in 9 of the 15 loci. Primer binding site mismatches that affected amplification were observed in two loci, D5S818 and D8S1179. Conclusion: Instances of deviations from manufacturer's allelic ladders should be expected and caution taken to properly designate the correct alleles in large DNA databases. Particular care should be taken in kinship matching or paternity cases as incorrect designation of any of these deviations from allelic ladders could lead to false exclusions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Croatian Medical Journal|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2007|
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