We evaluate, by means of variational calculations, the bound state energy EB of a pair of charges located on the surface of a cylinder, interacting via Coulomb potential - e2/r. The trial wave function involves three variational parameters. EB is obtained as a function of the reduced curvature C=a0/R, where a0 is the Bohr radius and R is the radius of the cylinder. We find that the energetics of binding exhibits a monotonic trend as a function of C; the known one- and two-dimensional limits of EB are reproduced accurately by our calculation. EB is relatively insensitive to curvature for small C. Its value is ∼1% higher at C = 1 than at C = 0. This weak dependence is confirmed by a perturbation theory calculation. The high curvature regime approximates the one-dimensional Coulomb model; within our variational approach, EB has a logarithmic divergence as R approaches zero. The proposed variational method is applied to the case of donors in single-wall carbon nanotubes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Aug 15 2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics